Select Commentary| Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible| 结| Chapter 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 |
Total 31 verses in Chapter 22: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 |


a judge: or, plead for
b bloody…: Heb. city of bloods?
c shew her: Heb. make her know
d infamous…: Heb. polluted of name, much in vexation
e power: Heb. arm
f oppression: or, deceit
g that…: Heb. of slanders
h one: or, every one
i another: or, every one
j lewdly: or, by lewdness
k shalt take…: or, shalt be profaned
l dross of silver: Heb. drosses, etc
m As…: Heb. According to the gathering
n violated: Heb. offered violence to
o oppression: or, deceit
p wrongfully: Heb. without right


1 耶和华的话又临到我说:
1Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

This chapter contains a recital of the sins of Jerusalem, 1-12;

for which God threatens it with severe judgments, 13-16,

in order to purify it from the dross, 17-22.

And as the corruption is general, pervading prophets, priests,

princes, and people; so, it is declared, shall be the

punishment, 23-31.


2Now, thou son of man, wilt thou judge, wilt thou judge the bloody city? yea, thou shalt shew her all her abominations.a, b, c
2 Verse 2. Wilt thou judge the bloody city] Pronounce the sentence

of death against the murderers.

Show her all her abominations.] And a most revolting and

dreadful catalogue of these is in consequence exhibited.

3Then say thou, Thus saith the Lord GOD, The city sheddeth blood in the midst of it, that her time may come, and maketh idols against herself to defile herself.
3 Verse 3. Her time may come] Till now, it was my long-suffering;

she has fulfilled her days-completed the time of her probation;

has not mended, but is daily worse; therefore her judgment can

linger no longer.

4Thou art become guilty in thy blood that thou hast shed; and hast defiled thyself in thine idols which thou hast made; and thou hast caused thy days to draw near, and art come even unto thy years: therefore have I made thee a reproach unto the heathen, and a mocking to all countries.
4 Verse 4. Thou art become guilty in thy blood] Thou art guilty of


5Those that be near, and those that be far from thee, shall mock thee, which art infamous and much vexed.d
5 Verse 5. Those that be near] Both distant as well as

neighbouring provinces consider thee the most abandoned of

characters; and through thee many have been involved in distress

and ruin.

6Behold, the princes of Israel, every one were in thee to their power to shed blood.e
6 Verse 6. Behold, the princes] Ye are a vile and murderous

people, and your princes have been of the same character. Like

people, like prince.

7In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.f
7 Verse 7. In thee have they set light] The children do not

reverence their parents. Parental affection and filial respect do

not exist among you. The stranger is not only not succoured, but

he is oppressed. The widows and fatherless are vexed by

wrongs and exactions.

8Thou hast despised mine holy things, and hast profaned my sabbaths.
8 Verse 8. Thou hast despised] All my ordinances are not only

neglected, but treated with contempt; and my Sabbaths profaned.

There is not only no power of godliness among you, but there is no


9In thee are men that carry tales to shed blood: and in thee they eat upon the mountains: in the midst of thee they commit lewdness.g
9 Verse 9. In thee are men that carry tales] Witnesses that will

swear any thing, even where life is concerned.

They eat upon the mountains] Sacrifice to idols, and celebrate

their festivals.

10In thee have they discovered their fathers' nakedness: in thee have they humbled her that was set apart for pollution.
10 Verse 10. In thee have they discovered] They are guilty of the

most abominable incest and unnatural lust.

In thee have they humbled] In their unholy and unnatural

connexions, they have not abstained from those set apart because

of their infirmities. The catalogue of crimes that follow is too

plain to require comment.

11And one hath committed abomination with his neighbour's wife; and another hath lewdly defiled his daughter in law; and another in thee hath humbled his sister, his father's daughter.h, i, j
12In thee have they taken gifts to shed blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord GOD.

13 ¶ Behold, therefore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst of thee.
14Can thine heart endure, or can thine hands be strong, in the days that I shall deal with thee? I the LORD have spoken it, and will do it.
15And I will scatter thee among the heathen, and disperse thee in the countries, and will consume thy filthiness out of thee.
16And thou shalt take thine inheritance in thyself in the sight of the heathen, and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.k
16 Verse 16. Thou shalt know that I am the Lord.] I shall so deal

with and punish thee, that thou shalt be obliged to own the

vindictive hand of a sin-avenging God.


17And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
18Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are even the dross of silver.l
18 Verse 18. The house of Israel is to me become dross] They are

all like base metal-brass, tin, iron, and lead alloyed together

with silver. Ye must be put in the furnace, and subjected to the

most intense fire, till your impurities are consumed away. No

ordinary means will avail any thing; the most violent must be

resorted to.

19Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because ye are all become dross, behold, therefore I will gather you into the midst of Jerusalem.
19 Verse 19. I will gather you] Jerusalem is represented here as

the fining pot; all the people are to be gathered together in it,

and the Chaldean fire is to melt the whole. And God will increase

thy sufferings: as the refiner blows the fire with his bellows, so

God will blow upon you with the fire of his wrath, .

20As they gather silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin, into the midst of the furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt it; so will I gather you in mine anger and in my fury, and I will leave you there, and melt you.m
21Yea, I will gather you, and blow upon you in the fire of my wrath, and ye shall be melted in the midst thereof.
22As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so shall ye be melted in the midst thereof; and ye shall know that I the LORD have poured out my fury upon you.



23 ¶ And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
24Son of man, say unto her, Thou art the land that is not cleansed, nor rained upon in the day of indignation.
24 Verse 24. Thou art the land that is not cleansed] Thou art like

a country where there is no rain, either to cleanse the garments,

or fertilize the ground.

25There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof.
25 Verse 25. There is a conspiracy] The false prophets have united

together to say and support the same things; and have been the

cause of the destruction of souls, and the death of many, so that

widows, through their means, are multiplied in thee.

26Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no difference between the holy and profane, neither have they shewed difference between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.n
26 Verse 26. Her priests] Even they whose lips should preserve

knowledge, have not instructed the people: they have violated my

law, not only in their private conduct, but in their careless and

corrupt manner of serving in my temple.

27Her princes in the midst thereof are like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, and to destroy souls, to get dishonest gain.
27 Verse 27. Her princes] Are as bad as her priests; they are

rapacious, and grievously oppress the people by unjust impositions

in order to increase their revenues.

28And her prophets have daubed them with untempered morter, seeing vanity, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord GOD, when the LORD hath not spoken.
28 Verse 28. Her prophets] Even those who profess themselves to be

my prophets, have been unfaithful in the discharge of their

office; have soothed the people in their sins, and pretended to

have oracles of peace and safety when I had not spoken to them.

29The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully.o, p
29 Verse 29. The people] All that have power or authority have

abused it; vexed and oppressed the poor, the needy, and the


30And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.
30 Verse 30. I sought for a man] I saw that there was a grievous

breach made in the moral state and feeling of the people, and I

sought for a man that would stand in the gap; that would

faithfully exhort, reprove and counsel, with all long-suffering

and doctrine. But none was to be found!

31Therefore have I poured out mine indignation upon them; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath: their own way have I recompensed upon their heads, saith the Lord GOD.
31 Verse 31. Therefore] Because of the profligacies already

mentioned; because of the false worship so generally practiced;

because of the false prophets tolerated; because of the unholy and

profane priesthood; because of the oppressive princes; because of

the unfaithful and deceiving prophets; because of the oppressions

of petty officers; and because of the total corruption of manners

in all ranks, places, offices, &c.;-

Have I poured out mine indignation-consumed them with the fire

of my wrath] Considering the above, has there not been sufficient

reason why I should abandon such a people, and pour out upon them

such a destructive storm of calamities?