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Ezek.23.4
a Aholah: that is, His tent, or, tabernacle
b Aholibah: that is, My tabernacle in her
 
Ezek.23.7
c committed…: Heb. bestowed her whoredoms upon them
d the chosen…: Heb. the choice of the children of Asshur
 
Ezek.23.10
e famous: Heb. a name
 
Ezek.23.11
f she was…: Heb. she corrupted her inordinate love more than, etc
g more than…: Heb. more than the whoredoms of her sister
 
Ezek.23.16
h as soon…: Heb. at the sight of her eyes
 
Ezek.23.17
i Babylonians: Heb. children of Babel
j alienated: Heb. loosed, or, disjointed
 
Ezek.23.26
k fair…: Heb. instruments of thy decking
 
Ezek.23.36
l judge: or, plead for
 
Ezek.23.40
m to come: Heb. coming
 
Ezek.23.41
n stately: Heb. honourable
 
Ezek.23.42
o of the…: Heb. of the multitude of men
p Sabeans: or, drunkards
 
Ezek.23.43
q whoredoms…: Heb. her whoredoms
 
Ezek.23.46
r to be…: Heb. for a removing and spoil
 
Ezek.23.47
s dispatch…: or, single them out
 
ChiNCVsKJVClarke

两个淫乱姊妹的比喻

1 耶和华的话又临到我说:
1The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,
1 CHAPTER XXIII



The idolatries of Samaria and Jerusalem are represented in this

chapter by the bad practices of two common harlots, for which

God denounces severe judgments against them, 1-49.

See the sixteenth chapter, where the same metaphor is enlarged

upon as here, it being the prophets view to exude the utmost

detestation of the crime against which he inveighs.



NOTES ON CHAP. XXIII

2“人子啊!有两个女人,都是同一个母亲生的。
2Son of man, there were two women, the daughters of one mother:
2 Verse 2. Son of man, there were two women] All the Hebrews were

derived from one source, Abraham and Sarah; and, till the schism

under Rehoboam, formed but one people: but as these ten tribes and

a half separated from Judah and Benjamin, they became two distinct

people under different kings; called the kingdom of Judah, and the

kingdom of Israel. They are called here, because of their

consanguinity, two sisters. The elder, Samaria, (for there was the

seat of government for the kingdom of Israel,) was called

aholah, "a tent." The younger, Judah, was called

aholibah, "my tent is in her," because the temple of God was

in Jerusalem, the seat of the government of the kingdom of Judah.

3她们在埃及行邪淫,在幼年的时候行了邪淫,在那里她们的胸被人抚摩;在那里她们处女的乳房被人抚弄。
3And they committed whoredoms in Egypt; they committed whoredoms in their youth: there were their breasts pressed, and there they bruised the teats of their virginity.
4姊姊的名字是阿荷拉,妹妹的名字是阿荷利巴;她们都嫁了给我,并且生了儿女。论到她们的名字,阿荷拉就是撒玛利亚,阿荷利巴就是耶路撒冷。
4And the names of them were Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they were mine, and they bare sons and daughters. Thus were their names; Samaria is Aholah, and Jerusalem Aholibah.a, b
5“阿荷拉嫁了我以后仍行邪淫,恋慕她的爱人,就是亚述的战士。
5And Aholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians her neighbours,
5 Verse 5. And Aholah played the harlot] Without entering into

detail here, or following the figures, they both became

idolatrous, and received the impure rites of the Egyptians,

Assyrians, and Chaldeans, of which connexion the prophet speaks

here as he did in &c., which see.



In this chapter there are many of what we would call indelicate

expressions, because a parallel is run between idolatry and

prostitution, and the circumstances of the latter illustrate the

peculiarities of the former. In such cases, perhaps, the matter

alone was given to the prophet, and he was left to use his own

language, and amplify as he saw good. Ezekiel was among the Jews

what Juvenal was among the Romans,-a rough reprover of the most

abominable vices. They both spoke of things as they found them;

stripped vice naked, and scourged it publicly. The original is

still more rough than the translation; and surely there is no need

of a comment to explain imagery that is but too generally

understood. I have said enough on &c,, and to that I

must refer the reader. It is true that there are a few things here

in the shade that might be illustrated by anatomy; and it would

not be difficult to do it: but they are not necessary to

salvation, and I shall not take off the covering. They were

sufficiently understood by those for whose use they were

originally designed.

6他们穿着紫色衣服,是作总督和省长的;他们都是英俊的年轻人,是骑着马的骑兵。
6Which were clothed with blue, captains and rulers, all of them desirable young men, horsemen riding upon horses.
6 Verse 6. Clothed with blue] The purple dye was highly valued

among the ancients, and at first was only used by kings, at last

it was used among the military, particularly by officers of high

rank in the country.

7阿荷拉与这些亚述人中最美的男子行邪淫;她因自己所恋慕的每一个人和这些人的偶像玷污了自己。
7Thus she committed her whoredoms with them, with all them that were the chosen men of Assyria, and with all on whom she doted: with all their idols she defiled herself.c, d
8她没有离弃在埃及时的淫乱;那时她年幼,人与她同睡,抚弄她处女的乳房,把他们的情欲发泄在她身上。
8Neither left she her whoredoms brought from Egypt: for in her youth they lay with her, and they bruised the breasts of her virginity, and poured their whoredom upon her.
9因此我把她交在她的爱人手里,就是她所恋慕的亚述人手里。
9Wherefore I have delivered her into the hand of her lovers, into the hand of the Assyrians, upon whom she doted.
10这些人露出她的下体,掳去她的儿女,用刀杀了她,使她在妇女中有了臭名,因为他们向她施行惩罚。
10These discovered her nakedness: they took her sons and her daughters, and slew her with the sword: and she became famous among women; for they had executed judgment upon her.e
11“她妹妹阿荷利巴虽然看见了,却在自己情欲的事情上比姊姊更腐败,她的淫乱比姊姊的淫乱更甚。
11And when her sister Aholibah saw this, she was more corrupt in her inordinate love than she, and in her whoredoms more than her sister in her whoredoms.f, g
12她贪恋亚述人,就是作总督和省长,穿着华美衣服的战士,骑着马的骑兵,全都是英俊的年轻人。
12She doted upon the Assyrians her neighbours, captains and rulers clothed most gorgeously, horsemen riding upon horses, all of them desirable young men.
13我看见她被玷污了;她们姊妹两人所行的路都是一样。
13Then I saw that she was defiled, that they took both one way,
14阿荷利巴又继续行淫;她看见画在墙上的人像,就是用鲜红的颜料所画的迦勒底人像,
14And that she increased her whoredoms: for when she saw men pourtrayed upon the wall, the images of the Chaldeans pourtrayed with vermilion,
14 Verse 14. Men pourtrayed upon the wall] See on .

15这些像的腰间束着腰带,头上有下垂的裹头巾,他们看来像官长,有巴比伦人的样子,迦勒底是他们出生之地。
15Girded with girdles upon their loins, exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads, all of them princes to look to, after the manner of the Babylonians of Chaldea, the land of their nativity:
16阿荷利巴的眼一看见,就恋慕他们,派遣使者到迦勒底去见他们。
16And as soon as she saw them with her eyes, she doted upon them, and sent messengers unto them into Chaldea.h
17于是巴比伦人来,上了她爱情的床,与她行淫玷污了她;她被他们玷污以后,心就与他们疏远。
17And the Babylonians came to her into the bed of love, and they defiled her with their whoredom, and she was polluted with them, and her mind was alienated from them.i, j
18她既然显露了她的淫行,露出了自己的下体,我的心就与她疏远,好像我的心从前与她姊姊疏远一样。
18So she discovered her whoredoms, and discovered her nakedness: then my mind was alienated from her, like as my mind was alienated from her sister.
19她还加倍行淫,怀念她幼年在埃及地行淫的日子。
19Yet she multiplied her whoredoms, in calling to remembrance the days of her youth, wherein she had played the harlot in the land of Egypt.
20她恋慕她的情人,他们的下体像驴的下体;他们射精像马一样。
20For she doted upon their paramours, whose flesh is as the flesh of asses, and whose issue is like the issue of horses.
20 Verse 20. She doted upon their paramours] pillagsheyhem,

their harlots or concubines. Anciently harlot meant in our

language either the male or female prostitute.



Whose flesh is as the flesh of asses] See on .

21这样,你就渴想你幼年时的淫荡;那时,埃及人抚弄过你的乳房,抚摩你年幼时的胸。
21Thus thou calledst to remembrance the lewdness of thy youth, in bruising thy teats by the Egyptians for the paps of thy youth.
22“因此,阿荷利巴啊!主耶和华这样说:‘看哪!我必激动你的爱人攻击你,就是你心所疏远的人;我必带他们来从四面攻击你。




22 ¶ Therefore, O Aholibah, thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will raise up thy lovers against thee, from whom thy mind is alienated, and I will bring them against thee on every side;
23他们就是巴比伦人、迦勒底人、比割人、书亚人、哥亚人,与他们一起的还有亚述人,他们都是英俊的年轻人,是作总督和省长的,作长官和战士的,全部都是骑马的。
23The Babylonians, and all the Chaldeans, Pekod, and Shoa, and Koa, and all the Assyrians with them: all of them desirable young men, captains and rulers, great lords and renowned, all of them riding upon horses.
23 Verse 23. Pekod, and Shoa, and Koa] . These names

have been thought to designate certain people bordering on the

Chaldeans; but no geographer has ever been able to find them out.



In our old translations these names were considered

appellatives-rulers, mighty men, and tyrants. Others, following

the literal import of the words, have translated, visiting,

shouting, and retreating. Others have applied them to the habits

of the Chaldean soldiers. Pekod signifying the muster or review

of armies; Shoa, the magnificence of their uniform and arms; and

Koa, the marks or embroidery of the clothes of the captains and

generals. Grotius thought that they might be names of contiguous

nations: Pekod, the Bactrians; Shoa, a people of Armenia;

and Boa, the Medes. I have nothing to add that would satisfy

myself, or be edifying to my readers.

24他们必带着兵器、马车、战车和大队人来攻击你;他们要拿着大小盾牌,戴着头盔,从四面摆阵攻击你;我要把审判的事交给他们,他们必按着自己的惯例来审判你。
24And they shall come against thee with chariots, wagons, and wheels, and with an assembly of people, which shall set against thee buckler and shield and helmet round about: and I will set judgment before them, and they shall judge thee according to their judgments.
25我必向你发泄我的妒忿,他们必以烈怒待你;割去你的鼻子和耳朵;你余下的人必倒在刀下;他们要掳去你的儿女;你余下的人必被火吞吃。
25And I will set my jealousy against thee, and they shall deal furiously with thee: they shall take away thy nose and thine ears; and thy remnant shall fall by the sword: they shall take thy sons and thy daughters; and thy residue shall be devoured by the fire.
25 Verse 25. Shall take away thy nose] A punishment frequent among

the Persians and Chaldeans, as ancient authors tell. Adulteries

were punished in this way; and to this Martial refers:-



Quis tibi persuasit nares abscindere moecho?



"Who has counselled thee to cut off the adulterer's nose?"



Women were thus treated in Egypt. See Calmet.

26他们必剥去你的衣服,夺去你华丽的饰物。
26They shall also strip thee out of thy clothes, and take away thy fair jewels.k
26 Verse 26. They shall also strip thee] See on .

27这样,我必使你的淫荡和你从埃及地沾染的淫乱离开你,你的眼必不仰望他们,你也必不再怀念埃及。
27Thus will I make thy lewdness to cease from thee, and thy whoredom brought from the land of Egypt: so that thou shalt not lift up thine eyes unto them, nor remember Egypt any more.
28因为主耶和华这样说:看哪!我必把你交在你所恨的人手里,就是交在你的心所疏远的人手里。
28For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will deliver thee into the hand of them whom thou hatest, into the hand of them from whom thy mind is alienated:
29他们必以憎恨待你,夺去你一切劳碌得来的,留下你赤身露体;你行淫的下体、你的淫荡和淫乱,都必显露出来。
29And they shall deal with thee hatefully, and shall take away all thy labour, and shall leave thee naked and bare: and the nakedness of thy whoredoms shall be discovered, both thy lewdness and thy whoredoms.
30这些事要行在你身上,因为你随从列国行淫,被他们的偶像玷污了自己。
30I will do these things unto thee, because thou hast gone a whoring after the heathen, and because thou art polluted with their idols.
31你走了你姊姊所走的路,所以我必把她的杯交在你手里。
31Thou hast walked in the way of thy sister; therefore will I give her cup into thine hand.
32主耶和华这样说:你必喝你姊姊所喝的杯,那杯又深又阔,容量甚大,必使你成为嗤笑和讥讽的对象。
32Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou shalt drink of thy sister's cup deep and large: thou shalt be laughed to scorn and had in derision; it containeth much.
32 Verse 32. Thou shalt drink of thy sister's cup] Thou shalt be

ruined and desolated as Samaria was.

33你必酩酊大醉,充满愁苦,那是惊慌和荒凉的杯,就是你姊姊撒玛利亚的杯。
33Thou shalt be filled with drunkenness and sorrow, with the cup of astonishment and desolation, with the cup of thy sister Samaria.
34你要喝这杯,并且喝尽;然后把这杯摔成碎块,又抓伤自己的胸。因为这是我曾说过的。’这是主耶和华的宣告。
34Thou shalt even drink it and suck it out, and thou shalt break the sherds thereof, and pluck off thine own breasts: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.
34 Verse 34. Thou shalt-pluck off thine own breasts] Thou shalt

tear them; a frequent action in extreme sorrow and desolation.

Weeping, tearing the bosom, and beating the breasts.



Tunc vero rupique sinus, et pectora planxi.

OVID'S Ep. 5.



35因此,主耶和华这样说:‘因为你忘记了我,把我丢在背后,所以你要担当你淫荡和淫乱的后果。’”
35Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast forgotten me, and cast me behind thy back, therefore bear thou also thy lewdness and thy whoredoms.

严责两个妇人的邪淫

36耶和华又对我说:“人子啊,你要审判阿荷拉和阿荷利巴吗?你要把她们可憎的事向她们说明,




36 ¶ The LORD said moreover unto me; Son of man, wilt thou judge Aholah and Aholibah? yea, declare unto them their abominations;l
37因为她们行了奸淫,手中染血,与自己的偶像行奸淫,他们甚至使自己给我所生的儿女经火,献给偶像作食物。
37That they have committed adultery, and blood is in their hands, and with their idols have they committed adultery, and have also caused their sons, whom they bare unto me, to pass for them through the fire, to devour them.
38此外,同一天,她们还向我作了这事,就是玷污我的圣所,又亵渎我的安息日。
38Moreover this they have done unto me: they have defiled my sanctuary in the same day, and have profaned my sabbaths.
38 Verse 38. They have defiled my sanctuary] By placing idols

there.

39她们宰杀了自己的儿女献给偶像,同一天又进了我的圣所,把圣所亵渎。这就是她们在我殿中所行的。
39For when they had slain their children to their idols, then they came the same day into my sanctuary to profane it; and, lo, thus have they done in the midst of mine house.
40况且你们打发使者去请人从远方来;使者到了他们那里,他们就来了。为了他们,你们洗澡、替眼部化妆、佩戴珠宝,
40And furthermore, that ye have sent for men to come from far, unto whom a messenger was sent; and, lo, they came: for whom thou didst wash thyself, paintedst thy eyes, and deckedst thyself with ornaments,m
40 Verse 40. Thou didst wash thyself, paintedst thy eyes, and

deckedst thyself with ornaments.] This is exactly the way in which

a loose female in Bengal adorns herself to receive guests. She

first bathes, then rubs black paint around her eyes, and then

covers her body with ornaments.-WARD'S Customs.

41你们坐在华丽的床上,床前放置了一张桌子,把我的香料和膏油放在上面。
41And satest upon a stately bed, and a table prepared before it, whereupon thou hast set mine incense and mine oil.n
41 Verse 41. And satest upon a stately bed] Hast raised a stately

altar to thy idols; probably alluding to that which Ahaz ordered

to be made, after the similitude of that which he saw at Damascus.

The bed here is in allusion to the sofas on which the ancients

were accustomed to recline at their meals; or to the couches on

which they place Asiatic brides, with incense pots and sweetmeats

on a table before them.

42在那里有安逸无忧的群众发出喧哗的声音,有粗俗的人和酒徒从旷野而来,他们把手环戴在两个妇人的手上,把美丽的冠冕戴在她们头上。
42And a voice of a multitude being at ease was with her: and with the men of the common sort were brought Sabeans from the wilderness, which put bracelets upon their hands, and beautiful crowns upon their heads.o, p
42 Verse 42. And a voice of a multitude] This seems to be an

account of an idolatrous festival, where a riotous multitude was

assembled, and fellows of the baser sort, with bracelets on their

arms and chaplets on their heads, performed the religious rites.

 神必重罚两个妇人

43“我论到这个因行淫而衰颓的妇人说:现在让人与她行淫吧,因为她本来就是妓女。
43Then said I unto her that was old in adulteries, Will they now commit whoredoms with her, and she with them?q
44他们与她同睡;人怎样与妓女同睡,也怎样与阿荷拉和阿荷利巴那两个淫荡的妇人同睡。
44Yet they went in unto her, as they go in unto a woman that playeth the harlot: so went they in unto Aholah and unto Aholibah, the lewd women.
45然而必有义人判她们受淫妇和流人血的妇人所受的刑罚,因为她们是淫妇,她们手中染血。




45 ¶ And the righteous men, they shall judge them after the manner of adulteresses, and after the manner of women that shed blood; because they are adulteresses, and blood is in their hands.
45 Verse 45. And the righteous men] anashim tsaddikim.

The Chaldeans, thus called because they are appointed by God to

execute judgment on these criminals.

46“因为主耶和华这样说:我必使一大群人上来攻击她们,使她们惊慌,被人抢掠。
46For thus saith the Lord GOD; I will bring up a company upon them, and will give them to be removed and spoiled.r
47这些人必用石头打她们,用刀剑砍她们,又杀戮她们的儿女,放火烧毁她们的房屋。
47And the company shall stone them with stones, and dispatch them with their swords; they shall slay their sons and their daughters, and burn up their houses with fire.s
47 Verse 47. Shall stone them with stones] As they did adulteresses

under the law. See ; , compared with .

48这样,我必使淫荡从这地止息,好叫所有的妇人都受到警戒,不敢照着她们的淫荡而行。
48Thus will I cause lewdness to cease out of the land, that all women may be taught not to do after your lewdness.
48 Verse 48. Thus will I cause lewdness to cease] Idolatry; and

from that time to the present day the Jews never relapsed into

idolatry.

49人要把你们行淫的报应归在你们身上;你们要担当你们拜偶像的罪;你们就知道我是主耶和华。”
49And they shall recompense your lewdness upon you, and ye shall bear the sins of your idols: and ye shall know that I am the Lord GOD.
49 Verse 49. Ye shall bear the sins of your idols] The punishment

due to your adultery; your apostasy from God, and setting up

idolatry in the land.