Select Commentary| Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible| 结| Chapter 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 |
Total 17 verses in Chapter 25: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 |


a men: Heb. children
b hands: Heb. hand
c feet: Heb. foot
d heart: Heb. soul
e a spoil: or, meat
f side…: Heb. shoulder of Moab
g with…: or, against the children of Ammon
h by…: Heb. by revenging revengement
i they…: or, they shall fall by the sword unto Dedan
j for the…: or, with perpetual hatred
k sea coast: or, haven of the sea
l great vengeance: Heb. great vengeances


1 耶和华的话临到我说:
1The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,

This chapter contains threatenings of the heavy judgments of

God against the Ammonites, 1-7;

Moabites, 8-11;

Edomites, 12-14;

and Philistines, 15-17;

on account of their hatred to his people, and their insulting

them in the time of their distress. These prophecies were

fulfilled by the instrumentality of Nebuchadnezzar, about five

years after the destruction of Jerusalem. The same events were

predicted by several of the other prophets, as may be seen from

the citation of parallel texts in the margin.


Verse 1. The word of the Lord] The chronological order of this

chapter is after , &c. See Abp.


2Son of man, set thy face against the Ammonites, and prophesy against them;
2 Verse 2. Set thy face against the Ammonites] We have already

seen, , &c., that when Nebuchadnezzar left Babylon he

was in doubt whether he should besiege Riblath, the capital of the

Ammonites, or Jerusalem, the capital of the Jews, first: and

having used his divination. he was determined, by the result, to

attack Jerusalem the first. He did so; and the Ammonites, seeing

the success of his arms, made friends with him, and exulted in the

ruin of the Jews. God resents this, and predicts their downfall

with that of Edom, Moab, and the Philistines. The fulfilment of

this prediction is not noted in Scripture: but Josephus tells us,

that about five years after the taking of Jerusalem,

Nebuchadnezzar turned his arms against the Ammonites and Moabites,

and afterwards against Egypt; and having subdued those nations, he

returned to Babylon. Joseph. Antiq., l. x., c. ii. Berosus states,

as quoted by Josephus, contra App., that Nebuchadnezzar subdued

Syria, Arabia, Phoenicia, and Egypt: and consequently, that he had

brought under his dominion the Ammonites, Moabites, and Idumeans,

who were included among the Philistines. See Calmet.

3And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate; and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity;
4Behold, therefore I will deliver thee to the men of the east for a possession, and they shall set their palaces in thee, and make their dwellings in thee: they shall eat thy fruit, and they shall drink thy milk.a
4 Verse 4. Will deliver thee to the men of the east] Probably the

Scenite Arabs, Ishmaelites, and people of Kedar, who seized upon

the provinces of the vanquished Ammonites, &c. The following

description suits this people only, living on fruits, the milk of

their flocks, using camels, &c. Some think the people of the east

mean the Chaldeans.

5And I will make Rabbah a stable for camels, and the Ammonites a couchingplace for flocks: and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
6For thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast clapped thine hands, and stamped with the feet, and rejoiced in heart with all thy despite against the land of Israel;b, c, d
7Behold, therefore I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and will deliver thee for a spoil to the heathen; and I will cut thee off from the people, and I will cause thee to perish out of the countries: I will destroy thee; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.e
7 Verse 7. I will cause thee to perish] Except in history, the

name of the Ammonites does not now exist.



8 ¶ Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because that Moab and Seir do say, Behold, the house of Judah is like unto all the heathen;
8 Verse 8. Moab and Seir do say] Seir means the Idumeans. It

appears that both these, with the Ammonites, had made a league

with Zedekiah, , which they did not keep; and it is

supposed that they even joined with the Chaldeans.

9Therefore, behold, I will open the side of Moab from the cities, from his cities which are on his frontiers, the glory of the country, Beth–jeshimoth, Baal–meon, and Kiriathaim,f
9 Verse 9. I will open the side] ketheph, the shoulder, the

strongest frontier place. Beth-jeshimoth, Baal-meon, and

Kiriathaim were strong frontier towns of Moab.

10Unto the men of the east with the Ammonites, and will give them in possession, that the Ammonites may not be remembered among the nations.g
10 Verse 10. That the Ammonites] The Syriac has, "That Rabbah of

the sons of Ammon be not remembered."

11And I will execute judgments upon Moab; and they shall know that I am the LORD.



12 ¶ Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because that Edom hath dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and hath greatly offended, and revenged himself upon them;h
12 Verse 12. Because that Edom hath dealt] The Edomites were the

most inveterate enemies of the Jews from the very earliest times,

and ever did all that they could to annoy them.

13Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and will cut off man and beast from it; and I will make it desolate from Teman; and they of Dedan shall fall by the sword.i
13 Verse 13. I will make it desolate from Teman] Teman and Dedan

were both cities of the Moabites, and apparently at each extremity

of the land.

14And I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel: and they shall do in Edom according to mine anger and according to my fury; and they shall know my vengeance, saith the Lord GOD.
14 Verse 14. I will lay my vengeance upon Edom] God will not allow

men to insult those whom he has cast down. His judgment is

sufficient; to add more is an insult to God.

By the hand of my people Israel] This was fulfilled by the

Maccabees, who not only defeated them and brought them under

complete subjection, but obliged them to receive circumcision,

Joseph. Antiq. l. xiii., c. 17; 1Macc 5:65; 2Macc 10:16.



15 ¶ Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the Philistines have dealt by revenge, and have taken vengeance with a despiteful heart, to destroy it for the old hatred;j
15 Verse 15. Because the Philistines] They were as inimical to the

Jews as the Ammonites, &c., were. Nebuchadnezzar punished them

because they had assisted the Tyrians during the time he was

besieging their city.

I will cut off the Cherethims] .

The remnant of the sea coasts.] The different seignories of the

Philistines inhabited the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, from

Judea to Egypt. For other matters relative to these prophecies,

see the passages in the margin.

16Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will stretch out mine hand upon the Philistines, and I will cut off the Cherethims, and destroy the remnant of the sea coast.k
17And I will execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall lay my vengeance upon them.l