Select Commentary| Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible| 结| Chapter 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 |
Total 27 verses in Chapter 43: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 |


a when…: or, when I came to prophesy that the city should be destroyed
b and the…: or, for there was but a wall between me and them
c pattern: or, sum, or, number
d bottom: Heb. bosom
e edge: Heb. lip
f the altar shall: Heb. Harel, that is, the mountain of God
g the altar and: Heb. Ariel, that is, the lion of God
h consecrate…: Heb. fill their hands
i peace…: or, thank offerings


1 以后,他领我到朝东的门去。
1Afterward he brought me to the gate, even the gate that looketh toward the east:

The glory of the Lord is represented as returning to the

temple, 1-6;

where God promises to fix his residence, if the people repent

and forsake those sins which caused him to depart from them,


Then the measures of the altar, and the ordinances relating to

it, are set down, 13-27.


2看哪!以色列 神的荣耀从东面而来;他的声音好像洪水的声音,大地因他的荣耀而发光。
2And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: and his voice was like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory.
2 Verse 2. The glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the

east] This was the chariot of cherubim, wheels, &c., which he saw

at the river Chebar. And this glory, coming from the east, is

going to enter into the eastern gate of the temple, and thence to

shine out upon the whole earth. Is there not a mystery here? All

knowledge, all religion, and all arts and sciences, have

travelled, according to the course of the sun, FROM EAST TO WEST!

From that quarter the Divine glory at first came; and thence the

rays of Divine light continue to diffuse themselves over the face

of the earth. From thence came the Bible, and through that the new

covenant. From thence came the prophets, the apostles, and the

first missionaries, that brought the knowledge of God to Europe,

to the isles of the sea, and to the west first, and afterwards to

these northern regions.

3And it was according to the appearance of the vision which I saw, even according to the vision that I saw when I came to destroy the city: and the visions were like the vision that I saw by the river Chebar; and I fell upon my face.a
4And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate whose prospect is toward the east.
5So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house.
5 Verse 5. The spirit took me up] And, to follow this thought for

a moment, how many men has this heavenly Spirit taken up; filled

them with his own influence, and sent them to every country, and

nation, and tongue, and people, to testify the Gospel of the grace

of God, and to preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches

of Christ! What spiritual temples have been raised, beautified,

and filled with the glory of God! And this light is shining and

burning more and more unto the perfect day, when the whole earth

shall be filled with the glory of God!


6And I heard him speaking unto me out of the house; and the man stood by me.

7 ¶ And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy name, shall the house of Israel no more defile, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcases of their kings in their high places.
7 Verse 7. Son of man, the place of my throne] The throne refers

to his majesty; the soles of his feet, to his condescension in

dwelling among men.

Where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel] The

tabernacle and temple were types of the incarnation of Jesus

Christ: "Destroy THIS TEMPLE, and after three days I will raise it

up;-but this he spake of the temple of his body;" .

And in THAT TEMPLE "dwelt all the fulness of the Godhead bodily."

Into this immaculate humanity did the glory of the Supreme God

enter; and thus, "God was in Christ reconciling the world unto

himself." And this Jesus is Immanuel, GOD with US. In him we find

united the ineffable majesty of God, with the abjectness of man.

He humbled himself in human nature, not only to bear the form of a

servant, but to suffer death upon the cross as a malefactor slave!

But by these means he has purchased eternal redemption for us; and

the spiritual Israel, who find redemption in his blood, shall be

raised up wherever his holy name shall be proclaimed; and shall

not, like the old apostate Israel, defile that great name by

idolatry or a life of wickedness, but they shall show forth the

virtues of Him who has called them from darkness into his

marvellous light.

8In their setting of their threshold by my thresholds, and their post by my posts, and the wall between me and them, they have even defiled my holy name by their abominations that they have committed: wherefore I have consumed them in mine anger.b
8 Verse 8. In their setting of their threshold] They had even gone

so far as to set up their idol altars by those of Jehovah; so that

their abominable idols were found in the very house of God!

therefore, "he consumed them in his anger."

9Now let them put away their whoredom, and the carcases of their kings, far from me, and I will dwell in the midst of them for ever.
9 Verse 9. Now let them put away their whoredom] Their idolatry.

And the carcasses of their kings] It appears that God was

displeased with their bringing their kings so near his temple.

David was buried in the city of David, which was on Mount Zion,

near to the temple; and so were almost all the kings of Judah; but

God requires that the place of his temple and its vicinity shall

be kept unpolluted; and when they put away all kinds of

defilement, then will he dwell among them.


10 ¶ Thou son of man, shew the house to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities: and let them measure the pattern.c
10 Verse 10. Show the house to the house of Israel] Show them this

holy house where the holy God dwells, that they may be ashamed of

their iniquities. Their name, their profession, their temple,

their religious services, all bound them to a holy life; all

within them, all without them, should have been holiness unto the

Lord. But alas! they have been bound by no ties, and they have

sinned against all their obligations; nevertheless, let them

measure the pattern, let them see the rule by which they should

have walked, and let them measure themselves by this standard, and

walk accordingly.

11And if they be ashamed of all that they have done, shew them the form of the house, and the fashion thereof, and the goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws thereof: and write it in their sight, that they may keep the whole form thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and do them.
11 Verse 11. And if they be ashamed] If, in a spirit of true

repentance, they acknowledge their past transgressions, and

purpose in his help never more to offend their God, then teach

them every thing that concerns my worship, and their profiting by


12This is the law of the house; Upon the top of the mountain the whole limit thereof round about shall be most holy. Behold, this is the law of the house.
12 Verse 12. This is the law of the house] From the top of the

mountain on which it stands, to the bottom, all round about, all

shall be holy; no buildings shall be erected in any part, nor

place nor spot be appropriated to a common use; all shall be

considered as being most holy.



13 ¶ And these are the measures of the altar after the cubits: The cubit is a cubit and an hand breadth; even the bottom shall be a cubit, and the breadth a cubit, and the border thereof by the edge thereof round about shall be a span: and this shall be the higher place of the altar.d, e
13 Verse 13. The cubit is a cubit and a hand breadth] It is the

same cubit by which all the previous admeasurements were made, and

was a hand breadth or four inches longer than the Babylonian


14And from the bottom upon the ground even to the lower settle shall be two cubits, and the breadth one cubit; and from the lesser settle even to the greater settle shall be four cubits, and the breadth one cubit.
15So the altar shall be four cubits; and from the altar and upward shall be four horns.f, g
15 Verse 15. So the altar] haharel, "the mount of God."

And from the altar] umihaariel, "and from the lion of

God." Perhaps the first was a name given to the altar when

elevated to the honour of God, and on which the victims were

offered to him, and the second, the lion of God, may mean the

hearth, which might have been thus called, because it devoured

and consumed the burnt-offerings, as a lion does his prey. See on


16And the altar shall be twelve cubits long, twelve broad, square in the four squares thereof.
17And the settle shall be fourteen cubits long and fourteen broad in the four squares thereof; and the border about it shall be half a cubit; and the bottom thereof shall be a cubit about; and his stairs shall look toward the east.
17 Verse 17. And the settle] The ledge on which the priests walked

round the altar, see . By these settles or ledges the

altar was narrowed towards the top. "The ascent shall look toward

the east;" this ascent was an inclined plane. But these settles,

or more properly ledges, as Bp. Newcome translates, may be thus

computed. The altar itself was ten feet high and twenty broad; the

same as that of Solomon, .


For the base, ,

is in height. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

From the surface of the base to the first ledge, ,

is. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

From the lower ledge to the upper, ,

are . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

From the upper ledge to the ariel or hearth, ,

are . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4


In all . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

And as to the breadth, the upper ledge, ,

was. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Add a cubit on each side for the higher ledge, ,

latter part. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Add a cubit on each side for the lower ledge, ,

former part. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Add a cubit on each side for the base, ,

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2


In all . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

The altar of burnt-offerings, described , was

smaller than this, because it was to be removed from place to

place with the tabernacle. This was designed for a permanent

temple. See Bp. Newcome on this chapter.



18 ¶ And he said unto me, Son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; These are the ordinances of the altar in the day when they shall make it, to offer burnt offerings thereon, and to sprinkle blood thereon.
19And thou shalt give to the priests the Levites that be of the seed of Zadok, which approach unto me, to minister unto me, saith the Lord GOD, a young bullock for a sin offering.
19 Verse 19. The priests-that be of the seed of Zadok] It was this

Zadok that was put in the place of Abiathar, by Solomon,

, in whose family the priesthood had continued ever


20And thou shalt take of the blood thereof, and put it on the four horns of it, and on the four corners of the settle, and upon the border round about: thus shalt thou cleanse and purge it.
21Thou shalt take the bullock also of the sin offering, and he shall burn it in the appointed place of the house, without the sanctuary.
22And on the second day thou shalt offer a kid of the goats without blemish for a sin offering; and they shall cleanse the altar, as they did cleanse it with the bullock.
23When thou hast made an end of cleansing it, thou shalt offer a young bullock without blemish, and a ram out of the flock without blemish.
24And thou shalt offer them before the LORD, and the priests shall cast salt upon them, and they shall offer them up for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
25Seven days shalt thou prepare every day a goat for a sin offering: they shall also prepare a young bullock, and a ram out of the flock, without blemish.
25 Verse 25. Seven days shalt thou prepare] These are, in general,

ordinances of the LAW; and may be seen by consulting the parallel

passages. All these directions are given that they might follow

them, when they should be put in possession of their own land. For

in several cases the prophet enters into particulars, as if he had

supposed that the book of the law had perished.

26Seven days shall they purge the altar and purify it; and they shall consecrate themselves.h
27And when these days are expired, it shall be, that upon the eighth day, and so forward, the priests shall make your burnt offerings upon the altar, and your peace offerings; and I will accept you, saith the Lord GOD.i