Moreover, when ye shall divide by lot the land for inheritance, ye shall offer an oblation unto the LORD
, an holy portion of the land: the length shall be
the length of five and twenty thousand reeds
, and the breadth shall be
ten thousand. This shall be
holy in all the borders thereof round about.a, b
The several portions of land appointed for the sanctuary, 1-5,
the city, 6,
and the prince, 7, 8.
Regulations concerning the weights and measures, 9-12;
with ordinances respecting the provisions for the ordinary and
extraordinary sacrifices, 13-25.
NOTES ON CHAP. XLV
Verse 1. When ye shall divide by lot
] That is, when on your
repossessing your land, every family settles according to the
allotment which they formerly
had; for it is certain that the land
was not divided afresh by lot after the Babylonish captivity. The
allotment mentioned and described here was merely for the service
of the temple
, the use of the priests
, and the prince
governor of the people. A division of the whole land
Of this there shall be for the sanctuary five hundred in length
, with five hundred in breadth
, square round about; and fifty cubits round about for the suburbs thereof.c
And of this measure shalt thou measure the length of five and twenty thousand, and the breadth of ten thousand: and in it shall be the sanctuary and
the most holy place
The holy portion
of the land shall be for the priests the ministers of the sanctuary, which shall come near to minister unto the LORD
: and it shall be a place for their houses, and an holy place for the sanctuary.
And the five and twenty thousand of length, and the ten thousand of breadth, shall also the Levites, the ministers of the house, have for themselves, for a possession for twenty chambers.
¶ And ye shall appoint the possession of the city five thousand broad, and five and twenty thousand long, over against the oblation of the holy portion
: it shall be for the whole house of Israel.
¶ And a portion shall be
for the prince on the one side and on the other side of the oblation of the holy portion
, and of the possession of the city, before the oblation of the holy portion
, and before the possession of the city, from the west side westward, and from the east side eastward: and the length shall be
over against one of the portions, from the west border unto the east border.
Verse 7. A portion shall be for the prince
, he who
had the authority of chief magistrate
; for there was neither king
among the Jews after the Babylonish captivity. For
these allotments and divisions, see the plan, EE, FF, GG. See Clarke on Eze 48:35
In the land shall be his possession in Israel: and my princes shall no more oppress my people; and the rest of
the land shall they give to the house of Israel according to their tribes.
Verse 8. My princes shall no more oppress my people
exorbitant taxes to maintain profligate courts, or subsidize other
powers to help to keep up a system of tyranny in the earth. The
former princes even robbed the temple of God to give subsidies to
¶ Thus saith the Lord GOD
; Let it suffice you, O princes of Israel: remove violence and spoil, and execute judgment and justice, take away your exactions from my people, saith the Lord GOD
Verse 9. Take away your exactions from my people
] This is the
voice of God to all the rulers of the earth.
Take away your exactions; do not oppress the people; they are mine
. Abolish all oppressive taxes.
Ye shall have just balances, and a just ephah, and a just bath.
Verse 10. Ye shall have just balances
] This appreciation of weights, measures
, and money
was intended to show them that they
must not introduce those to which they had been accustomed in the
captivity, but those which God had prescribed to their
forefathers. See the notes on the parallel places.
The ephah and the bath shall be of one measure, that the bath may contain the tenth part of an homer, and the ephah the tenth part of an homer: the measure thereof shall be after the homer.
And the shekel shall be
twenty gerahs: twenty shekels, five and twenty shekels, fifteen shekels, shall be your maneh.
the oblation that ye shall offer; the sixth part of an ephah of an homer of wheat, and ye shall give the sixth part of an ephah of an homer of barley:
Concerning the ordinance of oil, the bath of oil, ye shall offer
the tenth part of a bath out of the cor, which is
an homer of ten baths; for ten baths are
And one lamb out of the flock, out of two hundred, out of the fat pastures of Israel; for a meat offering, and for a burnt offering, and for peace offerings, to make reconciliation for them, saith the Lord GOD
All the people of the land shall give this oblation for the prince in Israel.g, h
Verse 16. All-this oblation for the prince
] A present or
offering to the prince.
And it shall be the prince's part to give
burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel.i
Thus saith the Lord GOD
; In the first month
, in the first day
of the month, thou shalt take a young bullock without blemish, and cleanse the sanctuary:
Verse 18. Thou shalt take a young bullock-and cleanse the sanctuary.
] There is nothing of this in the Mosaic law; it seems
to have been a new ceremony. An annual purification of the
sanctuary may be intended.
And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering, and put it
upon the posts of the house, and upon the four corners of the settle of the altar, and upon the posts of the gate of the inner court.
And so thou shalt do the seventh day
of the month for every one that erreth, and for him that is
simple: so shall ye reconcile the house.
Verse 20. For
him that is simple
] That wants understanding to
conduct himself properly.
In the first month
, in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.
And upon that day shall the prince prepare for himself and for all the people of the land a bullock for
a sin offering.
And seven days of the feast he shall prepare a burnt offering to the LORD
, seven bullocks and seven rams without blemish daily the seven days; and a kid of the goats daily for
a sin offering.
And he shall prepare a meat offering of an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a ram, and an hin of oil for an ephah.
In the seventh month
, in the fifteenth day of the month, shall he do the like in the feast of the seven days, according to the sin offering, according to the burnt offering, and according to the meat offering, and according to the oil.
Verse 25. In the seventh
month] He shall do at the feast of
tabernacles the same things that he was desired to do on the passover
. The prince should offer the same number of victims, of
the same quality, and with the same ceremonies, as during the
days. The offerings were, sin-offerings,
burnt-offerings, and peace-offerings.