And the word of the LORD
came unto me, saying,
In this chapter, which forms a distinct section, the prophet
denounces the judgments of God against the Jews for their
but tells them that a remnant shall be saved, and brought to a
sense of their sins by their severe afflictions, 8-14.
NOTES ON CHAP. VI
Son of man, set thy face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them,
Verse 2. Set thy face toward the mountains of Israel
] This is a
new prophecy, and was most probably given after the four hundred and thirty
days of his lying on his left and right side were
accomplished. By Israel
here, Judea is simply meant; not the ten tribes
, who had long before been carried into captivity. Ezekiel
uses this term in reference to the Jews only.
may be addressed here particularly, because it was
on them the chief scenes of idolatry were exhibited.
And say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD
; Thus saith the Lord GOD
to the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys; Behold, I, even
I, will bring a sword upon you, and I will destroy your high places.
And your altars shall be desolate, and your images shall be broken: and I will cast down your slain men
before your idols.a
Verse 4. Your images shall be broken
] Literally, your sun images
; representations of the sun, which they worshipped. See
And I will lay the dead carcases of the children of Israel before their idols; and I will scatter your bones round about your altars.b
Verse 5. Will scatter your bones round about your altars.
was literally fulfilled by the Chaldeans. According to Baruch
, Baruch 2:24, 25
, they opened the sepulchres of the principal
people, and threw the bones about on every side.
In all your dwellingplaces the cities shall be laid waste, and the high places shall be desolate; that your altars may be laid waste and made desolate, and your idols may be broken and cease, and your images may be cut down, and your works may be abolished.c
And the slain shall fall in the midst of you, and ye shall know that I am
¶ Yet will I leave a remnant, that ye may have some
that shall escape the sword among the nations, when ye shall be scattered through the countries.
And they that escape of you shall remember me among the nations whither they shall be carried captives, because I am broken with their whorish heart, which hath departed from me, and with their eyes, which go a whoring after their idols: and they shall lothe themselves for the evils which they have committed in all their abominations.
Verse 9. They that escape of you shall remember me
] Those that
escape the sword, the pestilence, and the famine, and shall be led
into captivity, shall plainly see that it is God who has done
this, and shall humble themselves on account of their
abominations, leave their idolatry, and worship me alone. And this
they have done from the Babylonish captivity to the present day.
And they shall know that I am
, and that
I have not said in vain that I would do this evil unto them.
¶ Thus saith the Lord GOD
; Smite with thine hand, and stamp with thy foot, and say, Alas for all the evil abominations of the house of Israel! for they shall fall by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence.
Verse 11. Smite with thine hand, and stamp with thy foot
the utmost marks of thy astonishment and indignation, and dread of
the evils that are coming upon them. Some have contended for the
propriety of clapping
in public worship from these
words! It is scarcely a breach of charity to think that such
persons are themselves incapable either of attending on or
conducting the worship of God. To be consistent, they should copy
the prophet in his other typical actions as well as these; and
then we shall hear of their lying on their left side
for three hundred and ninety
days, and on their right side for forty days; shaving their heads, burning their hair, baking their bread with dung
, &c. Now all these things, because they were typical and
commanded, were proper in the prophet: in such persons as the
above they would be evidences of insanity. Such extravagant acts
are no part of God's worship.
He that is far off shall die of the pestilence; and he that is near shall fall by the sword; and he that remaineth and is besieged shall die by the famine: thus will I accomplish my fury upon them.
Then shall ye know that I am
, when their slain men
shall be among their idols round about their altars, upon every high hill, in all the tops of the mountains, and under every green tree, and under every thick oak, the place where they did offer sweet savour to all their idols.
So will I stretch out my hand upon them, and make the land desolate, yea, more desolate than the wilderness toward Diblath, in all their habitations: and they shall know that I am
Verse 14. And make the land-more desolate than the wilderness toward Diblath
is situated in the land of
Moab. It is mentioned Nu 33:46
; and in Jer 48:22
. It was a part of that horrible wilderness
mentioned by Moses, De 8:15
, "wherein were fiery serpents, and
scorpions, and drought." The precise reason why it is mentioned
here is not very evident. Some think it is the same as Riblah
where Nebuchadnezzar slew the princes of Israel, and put out
Zedekiah's eyes; the principal difference lying between the daleth
and the resh
, which in MSS. is often scarcely
discernible; and hence vast multitudes of various readings
, of Kennicott's
MSS. have riblathah
of my oldest MSS.; though in the margin of one a
later hand directs the word to be read bedaleth, with daleth
But all the Versions
read the word with a D. This may appear a
matter of little importance, but we should take pains to recover
even one lost letter
of the word