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16鸵鸟、猫头鹰、海鸥、苍鹭等鹰类。
16And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind,
16 Verse 16. The owl] bath haiyaanah, the daughter

of vociferation, the female ostrich, probably so called from the

noise they make. "In the lonesome part of the night," says Dr.

Shaw, "the ostriches frequently make a very doleful and hideous

noise, sometimes resembling the roar of the lion; at other times,

the hoarser voice of the bull or ox." He adds, "I have heard

them groan as if in the deepest agonies."-Travels, 4to edition,

p. 455. The ostrich is a very unclean animal, and eats its own

ordure as soon as it voids it, and of this Dr. Shaw observes,

(see above,) it is remarkably fond! This is a sufficient reason,

were others wanting, why such a fowl should be reputed to be

unclean, and its use as an article of diet prohibited.



The night hawk] tachmas, from chamas, to

force away, act violently and unjustly; supposed by Bochart

and Scheuchzer to signify the male ostrich, from its cruelty

towards its young; (see ;) but others, with more

reason, suppose it to be the bird described by Hasselquist, which

he calls the strix Orientalis, or Oriental owl. "It is of the

size of the common owl, living in the ruins and old deserted

houses of Egypt and Syria; and sometimes in inhabited houses.

The Arabs in Egypt call it Massasa, the Syrians Bana. It is very

ravenous in Syria, and in the evenings, if the windows be left

open, it flies into the house and kills infants, unless they are

carefully watched; wherefore the women are much afraid of it."-

Travels, p. 196.



If this is the fowl intended, this is a sufficient reason why

it should be considered an abomination.



The cuckoo] shachaph, supposed rather to mean the sea

mew; called shachaph, from shachepheth, a wasting

distemper, or atrophy, (mentioned ,)

because its body is the leanest, in proportion to its bones and

feathers, of most other birds, always appearing as if under the

influence of a wasting distemper. A fowl which, from its natural

constitution or manner of life, is incapable of becoming plump or

fleshy, must always be unwholesome; and this is reason sufficient

why such should be prohibited.



And the hawk] nets, from the root natsah, to

shoot forth or spring forward, because of the rapidity and length

of its flight, the hawk being remarkable for both. As this is a

bird of prey, it is forbidden, and all others of its kind.