Select Commentary| Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible| 利| Chapter 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 |
Total 47 verses in Chapter 11: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 |
44因为我是耶和华你们的 神,所以你们要使自己成为圣洁。你们要分别为圣,因为我是圣洁的。你们不可因在地上爬行的任何动物玷污自己,
44For I am the LORD your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
44 Verse 44. Ye shall-sanctify yourselves] Ye shall keep

yourselves separate from all the people of the earth, that ye may

be holy; for I am holy. And this was the grand design of God in

all these prohibitions and commands; for these external

sanctifications were only the emblems of the internal purity

which the holiness of God requires here, and without which none

can dwell with him in glory hereafter. See at the conclusion of

this chapter.

THE contents of this chapter must furnish many profitable

reflections to a pious mind.

1. From the great difficulty of ascertaining what animals are

meant in this part of the law, we may at once see that the law

itself must be considered as abrogated; for there is not a Jew in

the universe who knows what the animals are, a very few excepted,

which are intended by these Hebrew words; and therefore he may be

repeatedly breaking this law by touching and being touched either

by the animals themselves or their produce, such as hair, wool,

fur, skin, intestines, differently manufactured, &c., &c. It

therefore appears that this people have as little law as they

have gospel.

2. While God keeps the eternal interests of man steadily in

view, he does not forget his earthly comfort; he is at once

solicitous both for the health of his body and his soul. He has

not forbidden certain aliments because he is a Sovereign, but

because he knew they would be injurious to the health and morals

of his people. The close connection that subsists between the

body and the soul we cannot fully comprehend; and as little can

we comprehend the influence they have on each other. Many moral

alterations take place in the mind in consequence of the

influence of the bodily organs; and these latter are greatly

influenced by the kind of ailment which the body receives. God

knows what is in man, and he knows what is in all creatures; he

has therefore graciously forbidden what would injure both body

and mind, and commanded what is best calculated to be useful to

both. Solid-footed animals, such as the horse, and many-toed

animals, such as the cat, &c., are here prohibited. Beasts which

have bifid or cloven hoofs, such as the ox and sheep, are

considered as proper for food, and therefore commanded. The

former are unclean, i. e., unwholesome, affording a gross

nutriment, often the parent of scorbutic and scrofulous

disorders; the latter clean, i. e., affording a copious and

wholesome nutriment, and not laying the foundation of any

disease. Ruminating animals, i. e., those which chew the cud,

concoct their food better than the others which swallow it with

little mastication, and therefore their flesh contains more of

the nutritious juices, and is more easy of digestion, and

consequently of assimilation to the solids and fluids of the

human body; on this account they are termed clean, i. e.,

peculiarly wholesome, and fit for food. The animals which do not

ruminate do not concoct their food so well, and hence they abound

with gross animal juices, which yield a comparatively unwholesome

nutriment to the human system. Even the animals which have bifid

hoofs but do not chew the cud, such as the swine, and those which

chew the cud but are not bifid, such as the hare and rabbit, are

by Him who knows all things forbidden, because he knew them to be

comparatively innutritive. In all this God shows himself as the

tender Father of a numerous family, pointing out to his

inexperienced, froward, and ignorant children, those kinds of

aliments which he knows will be injurious to their health and

domestic happiness, and prohibiting them on pain of his highest

displeasure. On the same ground he forbade all fish that have

not both fins and scales, such as the conger, eel, &c., which

abound in gross juices and fat which very few stomachs are able

to digest. Who, for instance, that lives solely on swine's

flesh, has pure blood and healthy juices? And is it not evident,

in many cases, that the man partakes considerably of the nature

of the brute on which he exclusively feeds? I could pursue this

inquiry much farther, and bring many proofs founded on

indisputable facts, but I forbear; for he who might stand most in

need of caution, would be the first to take offence.

3. As the body exists only for the sake of the soul, and God

feeds and nourishes it through the day of probation, that the

soul may here be prepared for the kingdom of heaven; therefore he

shows in the conclusion of these ordinances, that the grand scope

and design of all was that they might be a holy people, and that

they might resemble him who is a holy God.-GOD IS HOLY; and this

is the eternal reason why all his people should be holy-should be

purified from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting

holiness in the fear of God. No faith in any particular creed,

no religious observance, no acts of benevolence and charity, no

mortification, attrition, or contrition, can be a substitute for

this. We must be made partakers of the Divine nature. We must

be saved from our sins-from the corruption that is in the world,

and be made holy within and righteous without, or never see God.

For this very purpose Jesus Christ lived, died, and revived, that

he might purify us unto himself; that through faith in his blood

our sins might be blotted out, and our souls restored to the

image of God.-Reader, art thou hungering and thirsting after

righteousness? Then blessed art thou, for thou shalt be filled.