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16 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
16 Verse 16. Jesus, who is called Christ.] As the word χριστος

Christ, signifies the anointed or anointer, from χριω, to anoint,

it answers exactly to the Hebrew mashiach, which we pronounce

Messiah or Messias; this word comes from the root mashac,

signifying the same thing. As the same person is intended by both

the Hebrew and Greek appellation, it should be regularly

translated The Messiah, or The Christ; whichever is preferred, the

demonstrative article should never be omitted.

Priests, prophets, and kings, among the Jews, were anointed in

order to the legitimate exercise of their respective offices.

Hence the word χριστος Christ, or Mashiach, became a

name of dignity, and often signified the same as king.

See ; ; ; .

The words Mashiach and melec, χριστος and

βασιλευς, Christ and king, are frequently interchanged.

; ; ;

and see the Scholia of Rosenmuller on this place. The reason of

this may be seen in the following note, which I extract from the

comment on .

"It appears from ,

that anointing with oil, in consecrating a person to any important

office, whether civil or religious, was considered as an emblem of

the communication of the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit.

This ceremony was used on three occasions, viz. the installation

of prophets, priests, and kings, into their respective offices.

But why should such an anointing be deemed necessary? Because the

common sense of men taught them that all good, whether spiritual

or secular, must come from God, its origin and cause. Hence it

was taken for granted, 1. That no man could foretell events,

unless inspired by the Spirit of God. And therefore the prophet

was anointed, to signify the communication of the Spirit of wisdom

and knowledge. 2. That no person could offer an acceptable

sacrifice to God for the sins of men, or profitably minister in

holy things, unless enlightened, influenced, and directed, by the

Spirit of grace and holiness. Hence the priest was anointed, to

signify his being divinely qualified for the due performance of

his sacred functions. 3. That no man could enact just and

equitable laws, which should have the prosperity of the community

and the welfare of the individual continually in view, or could

use the power confided to him only for the suppression of vice and

the encouragement of virtue, but that man who was ever under the

inspiration of the Almighty. Hence kings were inaugurated by

anointing with oil. Two of these offices only exist in all

civilized nations, the sacerdotal and regal; and, in some

countries, the priest and king are still consecrated by anointing.

In the Hebrew language mashach signifies to anoint; and

mashiach, the anointed person. But as no man was ever

dignified by holding the three offices, so no person ever had the

title Mashiach, the anointed one, but Jesus, The CHRIST. He alone

is King of kings, and Lord of lords: the king who governs the

universe, and rules in the hearts of his followers; the prophet,

to instruct men in the way wherein they should go; and the great

high priest, to make atonement for their sins. Hence he is called

the Messias, a corruption of the word ha-mashiach, THE

anointed ONE, in Hebrew; which gave birth to οχριστος ho

Christos, which has precisely the same signification in Greek: of

him, Melchisedeck, Abraham, Aaron, David, and others, were

illustrious types. But none of these had the title of THE

MESSIAH, or THE ANOINTED OF GOD. This does, and ever will, belong

exclusively to JESUS, The CHRIST."