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25学生若能像老师一样,奴仆若能像主人一样,也就够了。如果一家之主也被称为别西卜(“别西卜”是鬼王的名字),何况他的家人呢?
25It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household?
25 Verse 25. It is enough for the disciple that he be as his

master] Can any man who pretends to be a scholar or disciple of

Jesus Christ, expect to be treated well by the world? Will not

the world love its own, and them only? Why, then, so much

impatience under sufferings, such an excessive sense of injuries,

such delicacy? Can you expect any thing from the world better

than you receive? If you want the honour that comes from it,

abandon Jesus Christ, and it will again receive you into its

bosom. But you will, no doubt, count the cost before you do this.

Take the converse, abandon the love of the world, &c., and God

will receive you.



Beelzebub] This name is variously written in the MSS.

Beelzebaul, Beelzeboun, Beelzebud, but there is a vast majority in

favour of the reading Beelzebul, which should, by all means, be

inserted in the text instead of Beelzebub. See the reasons below,

and see the margin.



It is supposed that this idol was the same with

Baalzebub the god fly, worshipped at Ekron, , &c., who

had his name changed afterwards by the Jews to Baal zebul,

the dung god, a title expressive of the utmost contempt. It seems

probable that the worship of this vile idol continued even to the

time of our Lord; and the title, being applied by the Jews to our

blessed Lord, affords the strongest proof of the inveteracy of

their malice.



Dr. Lightfoot has some useful observations on this subject,

which I shall take the liberty to subjoin.



"For the searching out the sense of this horrid blasphemy, these

things are worthy observing,



"I. Among the Jews it was held, in a manner, for a matter of

religion, to reproach idols, and to give them odious names. R.

Akibah saith, Idolatry pollutes, as it is said, Thou shalt cast

away the (idol) as something that is abominable, and thou shalt

say to it, Get thee hence: (.) R. Lazar saith, Thou

shalt say to it, Get thee hence: that which they call the face of

God, let them call the face of a dog. That which they call

ein cos, the FOUNTAIN OF A CUP, let them call

ein kuts, the FOUNTAIN OF TOIL (or of flails.) That which they

call gediyah, FORTUNE, let them call geliya,

a STINK, &c. That town which sometimes was called Bethel, was

afterwards called Bethaven. See also the tract Schabbath.



"II. Among the ignominious names bestowed upon idols, the

general and common one was Zebul, DUNG, or a DUNGHILL. 'Even

to them that have stretched out their hands bezebul in a

dunghill, (that is, in an idol temple, or in idolatry,) there is

hope. Thou canst not bring them (into the Church) because they

have stretched forth their hands bezebul, in a dunghill. But yet

you cannot reject them, because they have repented.' And a little

after, He that sees them dunging, (that is, sacrificing,)

to an idol, let him say, Cursed be he that sacrifices to a strange

god. Let them, therefore, who dare, form this word in Matthew

into Beelzebub. I am so far from doubting that the Pharisees

pronounced the word BEELZEBUL, and that Matthew so wrote it, that

I doubt not but the sense fails if it be writ otherwise.



"III. Very many names of evil spirits, or devils, occur in the

Talmud, which it is needless here to mention. Among all the

devils, they esteemed that devil the worst, the foulest, as it

were, the prince of the rest, who ruled over the idols, and by

whom oracles and miracles were given forth among the Heathens and

idolaters. And they were of this opinion for this reason, because

they held idolatry, above all other things, chiefly wicked and

abominable, and to be the prince and head of evil. This demon

they called Baal-zebul, not so much by a proper name, as

by one more general and common; as much as to say, the lord of

idolatry: the worst devil, and the worst thing: and they called

him the prince of devils, because idolatry is the prince (or

chief) of wickedness."