19When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side.
19 Verse 19. When any one heareth the word of the kingdom] Viz. the
preaching of the Gospel of Christ.
And understandeth it not] μησυνιεντος, perhaps more properly,
regardeth it not, does not lay his heart to it.
The wicked one] οπονηρος, from πονος, labour, toil, he
who distresses and torments the soul. Mark, Mr 4:15, calls him
οσατανας, the adversary or opposer, because he resists men
in all their purposes of amendment, and, to the utmost of his
power opposes, in order to frustrate, the influences of Divine
grace upon the heart. In the parallel place in Luke, Lu 8:12, he
is called οδιαβολος, the devil, from διαβαλλειν, to shoot,
or dart through. In allusion to this meaning of the name, St.
Paul, Eph 6:16,
speaks of the fiery DARTS of the wicked one. It is worthy of
remark, that the three evangelists should use each a different
appellative of this mortal enemy of mankind; probably to show that
the devil, with all his powers and properties, opposes every thing
that tends to the salvation of the soul.
Catcheth away] Makes the utmost haste to pick up the good seed,
lest it should take root in the heart.
A careless inattentive hearer is compared to the way side-his
heart is an open road, where evil affections, and foolish and
hurtful desires, continually pass and repass, without either
notice or restraint. "A heart where Satan has" (as one terms it)
"ingress, egress, regress, and progress: in a word, the devil's