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52他说 :凡 文士 受教作天 国 的门徒 ,就象 一个家主 从 他 库 里拿出 新 旧 的东西来。
52Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.
52 Verse 52. Every scribe] Minister of Christ: who is

instructed-taught of God; in the kingdom of heaven-in the

mysteries of the Gospel of Christ: out of his treasury-his granary

or store-house; things new and old-a Jewish phrase for great

plenty. A small degree of knowledge is not sufficient for a

preacher of the Gospel. The sacred writings should be his

treasure, and he should properly understand them. His knowledge

does not consist in being furnished with a great variety of human

learning, (though of this he should acquire as much as he can;)

but his knowledge consists in being well instructed in the things

concerning the kingdom of heaven, and the art of conducting men

thither. Again, it is not enough for a man to have these

advantages in possession: he must bring them forth, and distribute

them abroad. A good pastor will not, like a miser, keep these

things to himself to please his fancy; nor, like a merchant,

traffic with them, to enrich himself; but, like a bountiful father

or householder, distribute them with a liberal through judicious

hand, for the comfort and support of the whole heavenly family.



A preacher whose mind is well stored with Divine truths, and who

has a sound judgment, will suit his discourses to the

circumstances and states of his hearers. He who preaches the same

sermon to every congregation, gives the fullest proof that,

however well he may speak, he is not a scribe who is instructed in

the kingdom of heaven. Some have thought that old and new things

here, which imply the produce of the past and the produce of the

present year, may also refer to the old and new covenants-a

proper knowledge of the Old Testament Scriptures, and of the

doctrines of Christ as contained in the New. No man can properly

understand the Old Testament but through the medium of the New,

nor can the New be so forcibly or successfully applied to the

conscience of a sinner as through the medium of the Old. The law

is still a schoolmaster to lead men to Christ-by it is the

knowledge of sin, and, without it, there can be no conviction-

where it ends, the Gospel begins, as by the Gospel alone is

salvation from sin. See the whole of the comment on the

Pentateuch.

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