Select Commentary| Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible| Mat| Chapter 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 |
Total 27 verses in Chapter 17: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 |
ChiNCVsKJVClarke
27但为了避免触犯他们,你要到海边去钓鱼;把第一条钓上来的鱼拿起来,打开鱼的嘴,你就会找到一个大银币。你可以拿去交给他们作你我的殿税。”
27 Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them for me and thee.
27 Verse 27. Lest we-offend them] Be a stumbling-block to the

priests, or rulers of the Jews, I will pay the tribute-go thou to

the sea-cast a hook, and take the first fish-thou shalt find a

piece of money, στατηρα, a stater. This piece of money was equal

in value to four drachms, or two shekels, (five shillings of our

money,) and consequently was sufficient to pay the tribute for our

Lord and Peter, which amounted to about half-a-crown each. If the

stater was in the mouth or belly of the fish before, who can help

admiring the wisdom of Christ, that discovered it there? If it

was not before in the mouth of the fish, who can help admiring the

power of Christ, that impelled the fish to go where the stater had

been lost in the bottom of the sea, take it up, come towards the

shore where Peter was fishing, and, with the stater in its mouth

or stomach, catch hold of the hook that was to draw it out of the

water? But suppose there was no stater there, which is as likely

as otherwise, then Jesus created it for the purpose, and here his

omnipotence was shown; for to make a thing exist that did not

exist before is an act of unlimited power, however small the thing

itself may be. Some suppose that the haddock was the fish caught

by Peter, because this fish has a blackish mark on each side of

its neck or shoulders, as seems to exhibit the impression of a

finger and thumb. The haddock is the gadus eglesinus. But this

being a sea fish, could not be a native of the sea of Galilee or

Tiberias, &c., for the river Jordan runs through the sea of

Galilee, and falls into the Dead Sea, which has no outlet to the

ocean: no sea fish of any kind can be found there; and we may add

to this, that Belzoni, a learned traveller, who examined the

produce of the lake of Tiberias, found only trouts, pikes,

chevins, and tenches. That it may, besides these, have some

fishes peculiar to itself, as most extensive fresh water lakes

have, need not be denied; but it could have no sea fish.



THE account of the transfiguration, the peculiar case of the

lunatic, with his cure, and the miracle wrought to pay the tribute

money, render this one of the most interesting and instructive

chapters in the New Testament.



1. To what has already been said on the subject of the

transfiguration, nothing need be added: I have given that sense to

it which the circumstances of the case, the construction of the

words, and the analogy of faith warrant. That others have

understood the whole transaction differently, is readily granted.

Some of the foreign critics, who are also called divines, have

stripped it, by their mode of interpretation, of all its strength,

use, and meaning. With them, it is thus to be understood:-"Jesus,

with his disciples, Peter, James, and John, went by night into a

mountain, for the purpose of prayer and meditation; while thus

engaged, the animal spirits of the disciples were overcome by

watching and fatigue, and they fell asleep: in this sleep they

dreamed, or Peter only dreamed, that he saw his Master encompassed

with a glorious light, and that Moses and Elijah were conversing

with him. That early in the morning, just as the sun was rising,

there happened some electric or thunder-like explosions (a thing

not unfrequent near some mountains) by which the disciples were

suddenly awoke; that Peter, whose mind was strongly impressed with

his dream, seeing the rising sun shine gloriously upon his Master,

and his strongly impressed senses calling to remembrance his late

vision, he for a moment imagined he saw, not only the glory of

which he had dreamed, but the persons also-Moses and Elijah, still

standing on the mount with Christ; that not being as yet

sufficiently awake, finding the images impressed on his

imagination fleeting away with his returning exercise of reason,

he cried out, before he was aware, Lord! it is good for its to be

here, let us make three tabernacles, &c.; but in a short time,

having recovered the regular use of his senses, he perceived that

it was a dream; and, having told it to our Lord and his brother

disciples, lest the Jews might take occasion of jealousy from it,

he was desired to tell the vision to no man." This is the

substance of that strange explanation given by those learned men

to this extraordinary transaction; a mode of interpretation only

calculated to support that system which makes it an important

point to deny and decry all supernatural and miraculous influence,

and to explain away all the spirituality of the New Testament.

Whatever ingenuity may be in this pretended elucidation, every

unprejudiced person must see that it can never be brought to

accord with the letter and concomitant circumstances of this most

remarkable case.



2. The cure of the deaf and dumb lunatic has been treated, by the

same critics, in nearly the same way, and for the same obvious

design, namely, to exclude from the world all supernatural agency;

and could they succeed in this, of what value, or, indeed,

utility, could the whole New Testament be to mankind? We might be

well astonished to find such a history, with such a great variety

of curious and apparently interesting circumstances:-a wondrous

person, labouring, preaching, suffering, dying, &c., &c., without

having scarcely any thing in view, but a sort of merely moral

reformation of the outward man! Truly, this:-



"Is like an ocean into tempest toss'd,

To waft a feather, or to drown a fly."



But the truth of God's miraculous interpositions, the miracles of

the New Testament, demoniacal possessions and influence, the

atonement, the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the regeneration of

the corrupted human heart, &c., &c,, must not be given up to

please a certain description of persons, who have no commerce with

God themselves, and cannot bear that others should either have or

pretend to it.



3. The miracle wrought for the paying of the temple tribute

money, is exceedingly remarkable. See Clarke on Mt 17:27,

which brings this particularly to view. To what is there said, it

may be added, that our Lord seems to have wrought this miracle for

the following purposes:-



1. More forcibly to impress the minds of his disciples, and his

followers in general, with the necessity and propriety of being

subject to all the laws of the different states, kingdoms, &c.,

wheresoever the providence of God might cast their lot.



2. To show forth his own unlimited power and knowledge, that they

might be fully convinced that he knew all things, even to the most

minute; and could do whatsoever he pleased; and that both his

wisdom and power were continually interested in behalf of his true

disciples.



3. To teach all believers a firm trust and reliance on Divine

Providence, the sources of which can never be exhausted; and

which, directed by infinite wisdom and love, will make every

provision essentially requisite for the comfort and support, of

life. How many of the poor followers of Christ have been enabled

to discern his kind hand, even in the means furnished them to

discharge the taxes laid on them by the state! The profane and

the unprincipled may deride, and mock on, but the people of God

know it to be their duty, and their interest, to be subject to

every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake; and, while his grace

and providence render this obedience, in things both spiritual and

secular, possible, his love, which their hearts feel, renders

their duty their delight. The accomplishment of such ends as

these is worthy both of the wisdom and benevolence of Christ.