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3法利赛人前来试探耶稣,说:“人根据某些理由休妻,可以吗?”




3 ¶ The Pharisees also came unto him, tempting him, and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause?
3 Verse 3. Tempting him] Trying what answer he would give to a

question, which, however decided by him, would expose him to

censure.



Is it lawful-for every cause?] Instead of αιτιαν, fault, cause,

reason, three MSS. and the Coptic version read αμαρτιαν, sin

or transgression: this was probably the original reading-the first

syllable being lost, αρτιαν alone would remain, which a subsequent

transcriber would suppose to be a mistake for αιτιαν, and so wrote

it; hence this various reading. What made our Lord's situation at

present so critical in respect to this question was: At this time

there were two famous divinity and philosophical schools among the

Jews, that of SHAMMAI, and that of HILLEL. On the question of

divorce, the school of Shammai maintained, that a man could not

legally put away his wife, except for whoredom. The school of

Hillel taught that a man might put away his wife for a multitude

of other causes, and when she did not find grace in his sight;

i.e. when he saw any other woman that pleased him better. See

the case of Josephus, mentioned in Clarke's note on "Mt 5:31", and

Calmet's Comment, vol. i. part ii. p. 379. By answering the

question, not from Shammai or Hillel, but from Moses, our blessed

Lord defeated their malice, and confounded their devices.