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1耶稣 又 用 比喻 对他们 说 :
1And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said,
1 CHAPTER XXII.



The parable of the marriage of a king's son, 1-14.

The Pharisees and Herodians question him concerning the

lawfulness of paying tribute to Caesar, 15-22.

The Sadducees question him concerning the resurrection, 23-33.

A lawyer questions him concerning the greatest commandment in

the law, 34-40.

He asks them their opinion of the Christ, and confounds them,

41-46.



NOTES ON CHAP. XXII.



Verse 2. The kingdom of heaven] In Bereshith Rabba, sect. 62.

fol. 60, there is a parable very similar to this, and another

still more so in Sohar. Levit. fol. 40. But these rabbinical

parables are vastly ennobled by passing through the hands of our

Lord. It appears from Luke, Lu 14:15; &c., that it was at an

entertainment that this parable was originally spoken. It was a

constant practice of our Lord to take the subjects of his

discourses from the persons present, or from the circumstances of

times, persons, and places. See Mt 16:6; Joh 4:7-10;

Joh 6:26, 27; 7:37. A preacher that can do so can never be at a

loss for text or sermon.



A marriage for his son] A marriage feast, so the word γαμους

properly means. Or a feast of inauguration, when his son was put

in possession of the government, and thus he and his new subjects

became married together. See 1Ki 1:5-9, 19, 25, &c., where such

a feast is mentioned.



From this parable it appears plain, 1. That the KING means the

great God. 2. His SON, the Lord Jesus. 3. The MARRIAGE, his

incarnation, or espousing human nature, by taking it into union

with himself. 4. The MARRIAGE FEAST, the economy of the Gospel,

during which men are invited to partake of the blessings purchased

by, and consequent on, the incarnation and death of our blessed

Lord. 5. By those who HAD BEEN bidden, or invited, Mt 22:3,

are meant the Jews in general, who had this union of Christ with

human nature, and his sacrifice for sin, pointed out by various

rites, ceremonies, and sacrifices under the law; and who, by all

the prophets, had been constantly invited to believe in and

receive the promised Messiah. 6. By the SERVANTS, we are to

understand the first preachers of the Gospel, proclaiming

salvation to the Jews. JOHN the Baptist and the seventy disciples

(Lu 10:1,) may be here particularly intended. 7. By the OTHER

SERVANTS, Mt 22:4,

the apostles seem to be meant, who, though they were to preach the

Gospel to the whole world, yet were to begin at JERUSALEM

(Lu 24:47) with the first offers of mercy.

8. By their making light of it, &c., Mt 22:5, is pointed out

their neglect of this salvation, and their preferring secular

enjoyments, &c., to the kingdom of Christ. 9. By injuriously

using some, and slaying others, of his servants, Mt 22:6,

is pointed out the persecution raised against the apostles by the

Jews, in which some of them were martyred. 10. By sending forth

his troops, Mt 22:7,

is meant the commission given to the Romans against Judea; and,

burning up their city, the total destruction of Jerusalem by

Titus, the son of Vespasian, which happened about forty-one years

after.



On this parable it is necessary to remark, 1.That man was made

at first in union with God. 2. That sin entered in, and separated

between God and man. 3. That as there can be no holiness but in

union with God, and no heaven without holiness, therefore he

provided a way to reconcile and reunite man to himself. 4. This

was effected by Christ's uniting himself to human nature, and

giving his Spirit to those who believe. 5. That as the marriage

union is the closest, the most intimate, solemn, and excellent,

of all the connections formed among mortals, and that they who are

thus united in the Lord are one flesh; so that mystical union

which is formed between God and the soul through Jesus Christ, by

the Eternal Spirit, is the closest, most intimate, solemn, and

excellent, that can be conceived; for he who is thus joined unto

the Lord is one spirit. 6. This contract is made freely: no man

can be forced to it, for it is a union of will to will, heart to

heart; and it is by willing and consenting that we come unto

God through his Son. 7. That if this marriage do not take place

here, an eternal separation from God, and from the glory of his

power, shall be the fearful consequence. 8. That there are three

states in which men run the risk of living without God and losing

their souls. 1st. That of a soft, idle, voluptuous life, wherein

a man thinks of nothing but quietly to enjoy life, conveniences,

riches, private pleasures, and public diversions. They made light

of it. 2dly. That of a man wholly taken up with agricultural or

commercial employments, in which the love of riches, and

application to the means of acquiring them, generally stifle all

thoughts of salvation. One went to his own field, and another to

his traffic. 3dly. That of a man who is openly unjust, violent,

and outrageously wicked, who is a sinner by profession, and not

only neglects his salvation, but injuriously treats all those who

bring him the Gospel of reconciliation. Seizing his servants,

they treated them injuriously, &c.

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