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12就对他说:‘朋友,你没有婚筵的礼服,怎能进到这里来呢?’他就无话可说。
12 And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless.
12 Verse 12. He saith unto him, Friend] Rather, companion: so

εταιρε should be translated. As this man represents the state

of a person in the visible Church, who neglects to come unto the

master of the feast for a marriage garment, for the salvation

which Christ has procured, he cannot be with any propriety called

a friend, but may well be termed a companion, as being a member

of the visible Church, and present at all those ordinances where

Christ's presence and blessing are found, by all those who

sincerely wait upon him for salvation.



How camest thou in hither] Why profess to be called by my name

while living without a preparation for my kingdom?



He was speechless.] εφιμωθη, he was muzzled, or gagged.

He had nothing to say in vindication of his neglect. There was a

garment provided, but he neither put it on, nor applied for it.

His conduct, therefore, was in the highest degree insulting and

indecorous. As this man is the emblem, by general consent, of

those who shall perish in the last day, may we not ask, without

offence, Where does the doctrine of absolute reprobation or

preterition appear in his case? If Christ had never died for him,

or if he had applied for the garment, and was refused, might he

not well have alleged this in behalf of his soul?-and would not

the just God have listened to it? But there is not the smallest

excuse for him: Christ died, the sacrifice was offered, for him;

the ministers of the Gospel invited him; the Holy Spirit strove

with him; he might have been saved, but he was not: and the

fault lies so absolutely at his own door that the just God is

vindicated in his conduct, while he sends him to hell, not for the

lack of what he could not get, but for the lack of what he might

have had, but either neglected or refused it.



Then said the king to the servants] To the ministering angels,

executors of the Divine will.



Cast him into outer darkness] The Jewish marriages were

performed in the night season, and the hall where the feast was

made was superbly illuminated; the outer darkness means,

therefore, the darkness on the outside of this festal hall;

rendered still more gloomy to the person who was suddenly thrust

out into it from such a profusion of light. See all this largely

treated of on .