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37他回答:“你要全心、全性、全意爱主你的 神。
37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
37 Verse 37. Thou shalt love the Lord] This is a subject of the

greatest importance, and should be well understood, as our Lord

shows that the whole of true religion is comprised in thus loving

God and our neighbour.

It may not be unnecessary to inquire into the literal meaning of

the word love. αγαπη, from αγαπαω, I love, is supposed to be

compounded either of αγαν and ποιειν, to act vehemently or

intensely; or, from αγεινκαταπαν, because love is always

active, and will act in every possible way; for he who loves is,

with all his affection and desire, carried forward to the beloved

object, in order to possess and enjoy it. Some derive it from

αγαν and παυεσθαι, to be completely at rest, or, to be

intensely satisfied; because he who loves is supremely contented

with, and rests completely satisfied in, that which he loves.

Others, from αγαν and παω, because a person eagerly embraces, and

vigorously holds fast, that which is the object of his love.

Lastly, others suppose it to be compounded of αγαω, I admire, and

παυομαι, I rest, because that which a man loves intensely he

rests in, with fixed admiration and contemplation. So that

genuine love changes not, but always abides steadily attached to

that which is loved.

Whatever may be thought of these etymologies, as being either

just or probable, one thing will be evident to all those who know

what love means, that they throw much light upon the subject, and

manifest it in a variety of striking points of view. The ancient

author of a MS. Lexicon in the late French king's library, under

the word αγαπη, has the following definition: ασπαστοςπροθεσις

επιτηφιλιατουφιλουμενουσομψυχια. "A pleasing surrender of

friendship to a friend:-an identity or sameness of soul." A

sovereign preference given to one above all others, present or

absent: a concentration of all the thoughts and desires in a

single object, which a man prefers to all others. Apply this

definition to the love which God requires of his creatures, and

you will have the most correct view of the subject. Hence it

appears that, by this love, the soul eagerly cleaves to,

affectionately admires, and constantly rests in God, supremely

pleased and satisfied with him as its portion: that it acts

from him, as its author; for him, as its master; and to him,

as its end. That, by it, all the powers and faculties of the mind

are concentrated in tho Lord of the universe. That, by it, the

whole man is willingly surrendered to the Most High: and that,

through it, an identity, or sameness of spirit with the Lord is

acquired-the man being made a partaker of the Divine nature,

having the mind in him which was in Christ, and thus dwelling in

God, and God in him.

But what is implied in loving God with all the heart, soul,

mind, strength, &c., and when may a man be said to do this? 1. He

loves God with all his heart, who loves nothing in comparison of

him, and nothing but in reference to him:-who is ready to give up,

do, or suffer any thing in order to please and glorify him:-who

has in his heart neither love nor hatred, hope nor fear,

inclination, nor aversion, desire, nor delight, but as they

relate to God, and are regulated by him.

2. He loves God with all his soul, or rather, ενολητηψυχη,

with all his life, who is ready to give up life for his sake-to

endure all sorts of torments, and to be deprived of all kinds of

comforts, rather than dishonour God:-who employs life with all its

comforts, and conveniences, to glorify God in, by, and through

all:-to whom life and death are nothing, but as they come from and

lead to God, From this Divine principle sprang the blood of the

martyrs, which became the seed of the Church. They overcame

through the blood of the Lamb, and loved not their lives unto the

death. See .

3. He loves God with all his strength (; ) who

exerts all the powers of his body and soul in the service of

God:-who, for the glory of his Maker, spares neither labour nor

cost-who sacrifices his time, body, health, ease, for the honour

of God his Divine Master:-who employs in his service all his

goods, his talents, his power, credit, authority, and influence.

4. He loves God with all his mind (intellect-διανοια) who

applies himself only to know God, and his holy will:-who receives

with submission, gratitude, and pleasure, the sacred truths which

God has revealed to man:-who studies no art nor science but as far

as it is necessary for the service of God, and uses it at all

times to promote his glory-who forms no projects nor designs but

in reference to God and the interests of mankind:-who banishes

from his understanding and memory every useless, foolish, and

dangerous thought, together with every idea which has any tendency

to defile his soul, or turn it for a moment from the centre of

eternal repose. In a word, he who sees God in all things-thinks

of him at all times-having his mind continually fixed upon God,

acknowledging him in all his ways-who begins, continues, and ends

all his thoughts, words, and works, to the glory of his name:-this

is the person who loves God with all his heart, life, strength,

and intellect. He is crucified to the world, and the world to

him: he lives, yet not he, but Christ lives in him. He beholds as

in a glass the glory of the Lord, and is changed into the same

image from glory to glory. Simply and constantly looking unto

Jesus, the author and perfecter of his faith, he receives

continual supplies of enlightening and sanctifying grace, and is

thus fitted for every good word and work. O glorious state! far,

far, beyond this description! which comprises an ineffable

communion between the ever-blessed Trinity and the soul of man!