1Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples,
1 CHAPTER XXIII.
NOTES ON CHAP. XXIII.
Verse 2. The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat]
εκαθισαν.-They sat there formerly by Divine appointment:
they sit there now by Divine permission. What our Lord says
here refers to their expounding the Scriptures, for it was the
custom of the Jewish doctors to sit while they expounded the law
and prophets, (Mt 5:1; Lu 4:20-22,)
and to stand up when they read them.
By the seat of Moses, we are to understand authority to teach
the law. Moses was the great teacher of the Jewish people; and
the scribes, &c., are here represented as his successors.