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34我实在告诉你们,这一切都必要发生,然后这世代才会过去。
34Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.
34 Verse 34. This generation shall not pass] ηγενεααυτη, this

race; i.e. the Jews shall not cease from being a distinct people,

till all the counsels of God relative to them and the Gentiles be

fulfilled. Some translate ηγενεααυτη, this generation, meaning

the persons who were then living, that they should not die before

these signs, &c., took place: but though this was true, as to the

calamities that fell upon the Jews, and the destruction of their

government, temple, &c., yet as our Lord mentions Jerusalem's

continuing to be under the power of the Gentiles till the fulness

of the Gentiles should come in, i.e. till all the nations of the

world should receive the Gospel of Christ, after which the Jews

themselves should be converted unto God, Ro 11:25, &c., I think

it more proper not to restrain its meaning to the few years which

preceded the destruction of Jerusalem; but to understand it of the

care taken by Divine providence to preserve them as a distinct

people, and yet to keep them out of their own land, and from their

temple service. See on Mr 13:30. But still it is literally true

in reference to the destruction of Jerusalem. John probably lived

to see these things come to pass; compare Mt 16:28, with

Joh 21:22; and there were some rabbins alive at the time when

Christ spoke these words who lived till the city was destroyed,

viz. Rabban Simeon, who perished with the city; R. Jochanan ben

Zaccai, who outlived it; R. Zadoch, R. Ismael, and others. See

Lightfoot.



The war began, as Josephus says, Ant. b. xx. c. 11. s. 1, in the

second year of the government of Gessius Florus, who succeeded

Albinus, successor of Porcius Festus, mentioned Ac 24:27, in the

month of May, in the twelfth year of Nero, and the seventeenth

of Agrippa, mentioned Acts 25 and 26, that is, in May, A. D. 66.



The temple was burnt August 10, A. D. 70, the same day and month

on which it had been burnt by the king of Babylon: Josephus, Ant.

b. xx. c. 11. s. 8.



The city was taken September 8, in the second year of the reign

of Vespasian, or the year of Christ 70. Ant. b. vi. c. 10.



That was the end of the siege of Jerusalem, which began, as

Josephus several times observes, about the fourteenth day of the

month Nisan, or our April. See War, b. v. c. 3. s. 1, c. 13.

s. 7; b. vi. c. 9. s. 3.



Dr. Lardner farther remarks, There is also an ancient

inscription to the honour of Titus, "who, by his father's

directions and counsels, had subdued the Jewish nation and

destroyed Jerusalem, which had never been destroyed by any

generals, kings, or people, before." The inscription may be

seen in GRUTER, vol. i. p. 244. It is as follows:-



IMP. TITO. CAESARI. DIVI. VESPASIANI. F

VESPASIANO. AUG. PONTIFICI. MAXIMO

TRIB, POT. X. IMP. XVII. COS. VIII. P. P.

PRINCIPI. SUO. S. P. Q. R.



QUOD. PRAECEPTIS. PATRIS. CONSILIISQUE. ET

AUSPICIIS. GENTEM. JUDAEOROM. DOMUIT. ET

URBEM. HIEROSOLYMAM. OMNIBUS. ANTE. SE

DUCIBUS. REGIBUS. GENTIBUSQUE. AUT. FRUSTRA.

PETITAM. AUT. OMNINO. INTENTATAM. DELEVIT.



For this complete conquest of Jerusalem, Titus had a triumphal

arch erected to his honour, which still exists. It stands on the

Via Sacra, leading from the forum to the amphitheatre. On it are

represented the spoils of the temple of God, such as the golden

table of the show-bread, the golden candlestick with its seven

branches, the ark of the covenant, the two golden trumpets, &c.,

&c.; for a particular account see the note on Ex 25:31. On this

arch, a correct model of which, taken on the spot, now stands

before me, is the following inscription:-



SENATUS

POPULUSQUE ROMANUS

DIVO TITO. DIVI VESPASIANI. F

VESPASIANO AUGUSTO.



"The Senate and People of Rome, to the Divine Titus, son of the

Divine Vespasian; and to Vespasian the Emperor."



On this occasion, a medal was struck with the following

inscription round a laureated head of the emperor:-IMP.erator

J.ulius CAES.ar VESP.asianus AUG.ustus. P.ontifex M.aximus,

TR.ibunitia, P.otestate P.ater P.atrice CO.nS.ul VIII.-On the

obverse are represented a palm tree, the emblem of the land of

Judaea; the emperor with a trophy standing on the left; Judea,

under the figure of a distressed woman, sitting at the foot of the

tree weeping, with her head bowed down, supported by her left

hand, with the legend JUDAEA CAPTA. S.enatus C.onsultus. at the

bottom. This is not only an extraordinary fulfilment of our

Lord's prediction, but a literal accomplishment of a prophecy

delivered about 800 years before, Isa 3:26,

And she, desolate, shall sit upon the ground.