9Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake.
9 Verse 9. Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted]
Rather, Then they will deliver you up to affliction, ειςθλιψιν.
By a bold figure of speech, affliction is here personified. They
are to be delivered into affliction's own hand, to be harassed by
all the modes of inventive torture.
Ye shall be hated of all nations] Both Jew and Gentile will
unite in persecuting and tormenting you. Perhaps παντωντωνεθνων
means all the Gentiles, as in the parallel places in ,
and in ,
the Jewish persecution is mentioned distinctly. Ye shall be
delivered up to COUNCILS and be beaten in SYNAGOGUES, and ye shall
stand before governors and kings for my name's sake-be not
anxiously careful beforehand what ye shall speak-for ye are not
the speakers, but the Holy Spirit will speak by you-I will give
you utterance and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be
able to contradict or resist. We need go no farther than the Acts
of the Apostles for the completion of these particulars. Some
were delivered to councils, as Peter and John, . Some were
brought before rulers and kings, as Paul before Gallio, ,
before Felix, Acts 24, before Festus and Agrippa, Acts 25. Some
had utterance and wisdom which their adversaries were not able to
resist: so Stephen, , and Paul, who made even Felix
himself tremble, .
Some were imprisoned, as Peter and John, .
Some were beaten, as Paul and Silas, .
Some were put to death, as Stephen, ,
and James the brother of John, .
But if we look beyond the book of the Acts of the Apostles, to the
bloody persecutions under Nero, we shall find these predictions
still more amply fulfilled: in these, numberless Christians fell,
besides those two champions of the faith Peter and Paul. And it
was, as says Tertullian, nominis praelium, a war against the very
name of Christ; for he who was called Christian had committed
crime enough, in bearing the name, to be put to death. So true
were our Saviour's words, that they should be hated of all men for
his NAME'S sake.
But they were not only to be hated by the Gentiles, but they
were to be betrayed by apostates.