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37他们在耶稣的头以上,钉了一块牌子,写着他的罪状:“这是犹太人的王耶稣”。
37And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
37 Verse 37. His accusation] It was a common custom to affix a

label to the cross, giving a statement of the crime for which the

person suffered. This is still the case in China, when a person

is crucified. Sometimes a person was employed to carry this

before the criminal, while going to the place of punishment.



It is with much propriety that Matthew calls this αιτια,

accusation; for it was false that ever Christ pretended to be KING

OF THE JEWS, in the sense the inscription held forth: he was

accused of this, but there was no proof of the accusation; however

it was affixed to the cross. From , we find that the

Jews wished this to be a little altered: Write, said they, that HE

said, l am king of the Jews; thus endeavouring, by the addition of

a vile lie, to countenance their own conduct in putting him to

death. But this Pilate refused to do. Both Luke, , and

John, , say that this accusation was written in Greek,

Latin, and Hebrew. In those three languages, we may conceive the

label to stand thus, according to the account given by St. John;

the Hebrew being the mixed dialect then spoken.



In Hehrew-εβραιστι:





In Greek-ελληνιστα:

ιησουςοναζωραιοςοβασιλευς

τωνιουδαιων



In Latin-ρωμαιστι:

IESUS NAZARENUS REX IUDAEORUM



It is only necessary to observe, that all the letters, both of

the Greek and Roman alphabets, were those now called square or

uncial, similar to these above.