46大约三点钟，耶稣大声呼叫：“以利，以利，拉马撒巴各大尼？”意思是“我的 神，我的 神，你为什么离弃我？”
46And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
46 Verse 46. My God! My God! why hast thou forsaken me!] These
words are quoted by our Lord from Ps 22:1; they are of very great
importance, and should be carefully considered.
Some suppose "that the divinity had now departed from Christ,
and that his human nature was left unsupported to bear the
punishment due to men for their sins." But this is by no means to
be admitted, as it would deprive his sacrifice of its infinite
merit, and consequently leave the sin of the world without an
atonement. Take deity away from any redeeming act of Christ, and
redemption is ruined. Others imagine that our Lord spoke these
words to the Jews only, to prove to them that he was the Messiah.
"The Jews," say they, "believed this psalm to speak of the
Messiah: they quoted the eighth verse of it against Christ-He
trusted in God that he would deliver him; let him deliver him,
seeing he delighted in him. (See Mt 27:43.) To which our Lord
immediately answers, My God! my God! &c, thus showing that he was
the person of whom the psalmist prophesied." I have doubts
concerning the propriety of this interpretation.
It has been asked, What language is it that our Lord spoke?
Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani. Some say it is Hebrew-others Syriac.
I say, as the evangelists quote it, it is neither. St. Matthew
comes nearest the Hebrew, Eli, Eli, lamah
azabthani, in the words, ηλιηλιλαμασαβαχτανι, Eli, Eli, lama
And St. Mark comes nearest the Syriac, Mr 15:34, [Syriac]
Alohi, Alohi, l'mono shebachtheni, in the words ελωιελωιλαμμα
σαβαχθανι, Eloi, Eloi, lamma sabachthani. It is worthy of note,
that a Hebrew MS. of the twelfth century, instead of
azabthani, forsaken me, reads shechachthani, FORGOTTEN
me. This word makes a very good sense, and comes nearer to the
sabachthani of the evangelists. It may be observed also, that the
words, Why hast thou FORGOTTEN me? are often used by David and
others, in times of oppression and distress. See Ps 42:9.
Some have taken occasion from these words to depreciate the
character of our blessed Lord. "They are unworthy," say they, "of
a man who suffers, conscious of his innocence, and argue
imbecility, impatience, and despair." This is by no means fairly
deducible from the passage. However, some think that the words,
as they stand in the Hebrew and Syriac, are capable of a
translation which destroys all objections, and obviates every
difficulty. The particle lamah, may be translated, to what-to
whom-to what kind or sort-to what purpose or profit: Ge 25:32;
Ge 32:29; 33:15; Job 9:29; Jer 6:20; 20:18; Am 5:18;
and the verb azab signifies to leave-to deposit-to commit to
the care of.
See Ge 39:6; Job 39:11; Ps 10:14, and Jer 49:11.
The words, taken in this way, might be thus translated: My God! my
God! to what sort of persons hast thou left me? The words thus
understood are rather to be referred to the wicked Jews than to
our Lord, and are an exclamation indicative of the obstinate
wickedness of his crucifiers, who steeled their hearts against
every operation of the Spirit and power of God. See Ling. Brit.
Reform. by B. Martin, p. 36.
Through the whole of the Sacred Writings, God is represented as
doing those things which, in the course of his providence, he only
permits to be done; therefore, the words, to whom hast thou left
or given me up, are only a form of expression for, "How
astonishing is the wickedness of those persons into whose hands I
am fallen!" If this interpretation be admitted, it will free this
celebrated passage from much embarrassment, and make it speak a
sense consistent with itself, and with the dignity of the Son of
The words of St. Mark, Mr 15:34, agree pretty nearly with this
translation of the Hebrew: ειςτιμεεγκατιλεπες; To what [sort
of persons, understood] hast thou left me? A literal translation
of the passage in the Syriac Testament gives a similar sense: Ad
quid dereliquisti me? "To what hast thou abandoned me?" And an
ancient copy of the old Itala version, a Latin translation before
the time of St. Jerome, renders the words thus: Quare me in
opprobrium dedisti? "Why hast thou abandoned me to reproach?"
It may he objected, that this can never agree with the ινατι,
why, of Matthew. To this it is answered, that ινατι must have
here the same meaning as ειςτι-as the translation of lama;
and that, if the meaning be at all different, we must follow that
evangelist who expresses most literally the meaning of the
original: and let it be observed, that the Septuagint often
translate by ινατι instead of ειςτι, which evidently proves
that it often had the same meaning. Of this criticism I say,
Valet quod valet, Let it pass for no more than it is worth: the
subject is difficult. But whatever may be thought of the above
mode of interpretation, one thing is certain, viz. That the words
could not be used by our Lord in the sense in which they are
generally understood. This is sufficiently evident; for he well
knew why he was come unto that hour; nor could he be forsaken
of God, in whom dwelt all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. The
Deity, however, might restrain so much of its consolatory support
as to leave the human nature fully sensible of all its sufferings,
so that the consolations might not take off any part of the keen
edge of his passion; and this was necessary to make his sufferings
meritorious. And it is probable that this is all that is intended
by our Lord's quotation from the twenty-second Psalm. Taken in
this view, the words convey an unexceptionable sense, even in the