13 And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim:
13 Verse 13. And leaving Nazareth] Or, entirely leaving Nazareth,
καικαταλιπωντηνναζαρετ, from κατα, intensive, and δειπω,
I leave. It seems that, from this time, our blessed Lord made
Capernaum his ordinary place of residence; and utterly forsook
Nazareth, because they had wholly rejected his word, and even
attempted to take away his life. See Lu 4:29.
Galilee was bounded by mount Lebanon on the north, by the river
Jordan and the sea of Galilee on the east, by Chison on the south,
and by the Mediterranean on the west.
Nazareth, a little city in the tribe of Zebulon, in lower
Galilee, with Tabor on the east, and Ptolemais on the west. It is
supposed that this city was the usual residence of our Lord for
the first thirty years of his life. It was here he became
incarnate, lived in subjection to Joseph and Mary, and from which
he took the name of a Nazorean.
Capernaum, a city famous in the New Testament, but never
mentioned in the Old. Probably it was one of those cities which
the Jews built after their return from Babylon. It stood on the
sea-coast of Galilee, on the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim, as
mentioned in the text. This was called his own city, Mt 9:1,
&c., and here, as a citizen, he paid the half shekel, Mt 17:24.
Among the Jews, if a man became a resident in any city for twelve
months, he thereby became a citizen, and paid his proportion of
dues and taxes. See Lightfoot. Capernaum is well known to have
been the principal scene of our Lord's miracles during the three
years of his public ministry.
Zabulon, the country of this tribe, in which Nazareth and
Capernaum were situated, bordered on the lake of Gennesareth,
stretching to the frontiers of Sidon, Ge 49:13. Nephthalim was
contiguous to it, and both were on the east side of Jordan,