Select Commentary| Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible| 太| Chapter 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 |
Total 25 verses in Chapter 4: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 |
24 And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them.
24 Verse 24. Sick people] τουςκακωςεχοντας, those who felt

ill-were afflicted with any species of malady.

And torments] βασανοις, from βασανιζω, to examine by

torture, such as cholics, gouts, and rheumatisms, which racked

every joint.

Possessed with devils] Daemoniacs. Persons possessed by evil

spirits. This is certainly the plain obvious meaning of daemoniac

in the Gospels.

Many eminent men think that the sacred writers accommodated

themselves to the unfounded prejudices of the common people, in

attributing certain diseases to the influence of evil spirits,

which were merely the effects of natural causes: but that this

explanation can never comport with the accounts given of these

persons shall be proved as the places occur.

Our common version, which renders the word, those possessed by

devils, is not strictly correct; as the word devil, διαβολος, is

not found in the plural in any part of the Sacred Writings, when

speaking of evil spirits: for though there are multitudes of

daemons, ,

yet it appears there is but one DEVIL, who seems to be supreme, or

head, over all the rest. διαβολος signifies an accuser or

slanderer, ; ; . Perhaps Satan was

called so, 1st. because he accused or slandered God in paradise,

as averse from the increase of man's knowledge and happiness,

; ;

and 2dly. because he is the accuser of men, .

See also Clarke on "Job 1:2".

The word comes from δια, through, and βαλλειν, to cast, or

shoot, because of the influence of his evil suggestions; compared,


to fiery darts; and thus it is nearly of the same meaning with

οπειραζων, he who pierces through. See on .

Lunatic] Persons afflicted with epileptic or other disorders,

which are always known to have a singular increase at the change

and full of the moon. This undoubtedly proceeds from the

superadded attractive influence of the sun and moon upon the

earth's atmosphere, as, in the periods mentioned above, these two

luminaries are both in conjunction; and their united attractive

power being exerted on the earth at the same time, not only causes

the flux and reflux of the ocean, but occasions a variety of

important changes in the bodies of infirm persons, of animals in

general, but more particularly in those who are more sensible of

these variations. And is this any wonder, when it is well known,

that a very slight alteration in the atmosphere causes the most

uncomfortable sensations to a number of invalids! But sometimes

even these diseases were caused by demons. See on ,

and .

Palsy] Palsy is defined, a sudden loss of tone and vital power

in a certain part of the human body. This may affect a limb, the

whole side, the tongue, or the whole body. This disorder is in

general incurable, except by the miraculous power of God, unless

in its slighter stages.

He healed them.] Either with a word or a touch; and thus proved

that all nature was under his control.