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38Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest.
38 Verse 38. That he will send forth labourers] οπωςεκβαλλη

εργατας, that he would thrust forth labourers. Those who are

fittest for the work are generally most backward to the

employment. The man who is forward to become a preacher knows

little of God, of human nature, or of his own heart. It is, God's

province to thrust out such preachers as shall labour; and it is

our duty to entreat him to do so. A minister of Christ is

represented as a day-labourer: he comes into the harvest, not to

become lord of it, not to live on the labour of others, but to

work, and to labour his day. Though the work may be very severe,

yet, to use a familiar expression, there is good wages in the

harvest-home; and the day, though hot, is but a short one. How

earnestly should the flock of Christ pray to the good Shepherd to

send them pastors after his own heart, who will feed them with

knowledge, and who shall be the means of spreading the knowledge

of his truth and the savour of his grace over the face of the

whole earth!

The subject of fasting, already slightly noticed in the

preceding notes, should be farther considered.

In all countries, and under all religions, fasting has not only

been considered a duty, but also of extraordinary virtue to

procure blessings, and to avert evils. Hence it has often been

practised with extraordinary rigour, and abused to the most

superstitious purposes. There are twelve kinds of fasts among the


1. The person neither eats nor drinks for a day and night. This

fast is indispensable, and occurs twenty-nine times in the year.

2. The person fasts during the day, and eats at night.

3. The person eats nothing but fruits, and drinks milk or water.

4. He eats once during the day and night.

5. Eats one particular kind of food during the day and night,

but as often as he pleases.

6. Called Chanderaym, which is, to eat on the first day, only

one mouthful; two on the second; and thus continue increasing one

mouthful every day for a month, and then decreasing a mouthful

every day, till he leaves off where he began.

7. The person neither eats nor drinks for twelve days.

8. Lasts twelve days: the first three days he eats a little once

in the day; the next three, he eats only once in the night; the

next three, he eats nothing, unless it be brought to him; and,

during the last three days, he neither eats nor drinks.

9. Lasts fifteen days. For three days and three nights, he eats

only one handful at night; the next three days and nights, he eats

one handful if it be brought him, if not, he takes nothing. Then

he eats nothing for three days and three nights. The next three

days and nights he takes only a handful of warm water each day.

The next three days and nights he takes a handful of warm milk

each day.

10. For three days and nights he neither eats nor drinks. He

lights a fire, and sits at a door where there enters a hot wind,

which he draws in with his breath.

11. Lasts fifteen days. Three, days and three nights he eats

nothing but leaves; three days and three nights, nothing but the

Indian fig; three days and three nights, nothing but the seed of

the lotus; three days and three nights, nothing but peepul leaves;

three days and three nights, the expressed juice of a particular

kind of grass called doobah.

12. Lasts a week. First day he eats milk; second, milk-curds;

third, ghee, i.e. clarified butter; fourth, cow's urine; fifth,

cow's dung; sixth, water; seventh, nothing.

During every kind of fast, the person sleeps on the ground,

plays at no game, has no connection with women, neither shaves nor

anoints himself, and bestows alms each day.-AYEEN AKBERY, vol.

iii. p. 247-250. How much more simple and effectual is the way of

salvation taught in the BIBLE! But, because it is true, it Is not

credited by fallen man.

FASTING is considered by the Mohammedans as an essential part of

piety. Their orthodox divines term it the gate of religion. With

them, it is of two kinds, voluntary and incumbent; and is

distinguished by the Mosliman doctors into three degrees: 1. The

refraining from every kind of nourishment or carnal indulgence. 2.

The restraining the various members from every thing which might

excite sinful or corrupt desires. 3. The abstracting the mind

wholly from worldly cares, and fixing it exclusively upon God.

Their great annual fast is kept on the month Ramzan, or Ramadhan,

beginning at the first new moon, and continuing until the

appearance of the next; during which, it is required to abstain

from every kind of nourishment from day-break till after sun-set

of each day. From this observance none are excused but the sick,

the aged, and children. This is properly the Mohammedan Lent.

See HEDAYAH, prel. Dis. p. LV. LVI.

It is worthy of remark, that these children of the Bridegroom,

the disciples, did not mourn, were exposed to no persecution,

while the Bridegroom, the Lord Jesus, was with them, but after he

had been taken from them, by death and his ascension, they did

fast and mourn; they were exposed to all manner of hardships,

persecutions, and even death itself, in some of its worst forms.